Edmund Berkeley, Jr.

This text contains brief notes with sources identifying persons with whom Robert Carter frequently corresponds, or persons, places, or items that are mentioned often in his diary, letters, or other documents.

ANDERSON'S PILLS, or Anderson's Scots Pills, a product of the 1630's had been invented by Patrick Anderson, a Scot, who wrote in a book published in 1635 that he had learned the secret of the pills in Venice. He passed the formula to his daughter Katherine who in turn passed it to a doctor named Thomas Weir in 1686. Weir obtained letters patent on the formula from James II in 1687. (George B. Griffenhagen and James Harvey Young. "Old English Patent Medicines in America." Contributions From the Museum of History and Technology. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1959, paper 10, 156-183.)

ARMISTEAD, HENRY (d. ca. 1739), second son of Colonel John Armistead. He lived at Hesse, Gloucester County, with his wife, Martha Burwell. His sister, Judith Armistead, was Robert Carter's first wife, and another sister, Elizabeth Armistead, was Ralph Wormeley's wife. ("Armistead Family". Virginia Magazine. . . . )

ARMISTEAD, JUDITH see Carter, Judith (Armistead)

ATHAWES, EDWARD (d. 1767), London merchant, partner to William Dawkins from about 1728 when his correspondence with Robert Carter began. Athawes also corresponded with John and Charles Carter, executors of Robert Carter II (1704-1732) about the estate's business as their brother owed money to Dawkins. (A Compleat Guide to All Persons who have any Trade or Concern with the City of London and Ports adjacent. . . . London: [Printed for J. Osborn, at the Golden Ball in Pater-noster-row, MDXXXL]; and "Letters and Other Papers, 1735-1829," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. 23(1915): 162-192, also available online.)

BAILEY, ARTHUR (d. 1683), London merchant and a former ship's captain who had been in Virginia. He apparently was an old friend of Robert Carter's father, John Carter I, who may have been an apprentice under Bailey; he was known to Robert Carter's older brother, John Carter II, as well for he is mentioned in their wills. Alan Simpson has discovered that Bailey probably lived in the Mile-End district of London where his son later lived. Robert Carter seems to have lived in this house while attending school. (Simpson, "Robert Carter's Schooldays.")

BAILEY, ARTHUR (d. ca. 1714), London merchant, owned a number of ships that traded with Virginia, and was active in presenting the affairs of the merchants and trade in general to the government. He wrote in 1708 a pamphlet titled A Short State of the Virginia Trade in a Letter Occasioned by a Bill Proposed to the House of Commons for Commuting Tobacco for French Wines. His daughter, Katherine Bailey, married Robert Bristow. (Egerton MS921, British Library, cited in Olson, The Virginia Merchants of London. . . . )

BALL, WILLIAM (1676-1744), of "Millenbeck," Lancaster County, not far from "Corotoman," was a close friend of Robert Carter's, a justice, burgess, and wealthy and powerful man. ( Mann. "William Ball. . . ." See also: "Descendants of William Ball IV of Lancaster Co. VA." Online 4/23/2015; and Ida J. Lee. Abstracts Lancaster County,Virginia, Wills. 1653-1800. [Greenville, SC: Southern Historical Press, Inc., 2004. Reprint of the original 1959 edition.] p. 8.)

BELFIELD, JOSEPH (d. 1738), of Devon, England, had been a surgeon in the British navy before coming to Virginia. He settled in Richmond County, was a justice in 1721, sheriff in 1726-1728, and married Frances Wright. (Ryland. Richmond County Virginia. . . . pp. 195, 500, 504.)

BELL, JOHN, was the minister of Christ Church Parish, Lancaster County, from 1712-1743. ("The Reverend John Bell Christ Church Parish Rector" in Brown and Sorrells. People in Profile. pp. 25-43. There are references to Bell in John K. Nelson. A Blessed Company: Parishes, Parsons, and Parishoners in Anglican Virginia, 1690-1776. [Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 2001] but they are not especially useful.)

BERKELEY, EDMUND (ca. 1665-1718), of Petsworth Parish, Gloucester County, and, after 1713, of "Barn Elms," Middlesex County; he was appointed to the Council in the same year. He married in 1703 Lucy Burwell, daughter of Lewis Burwell. (Edmund Berkeley, Jr., "Berkeley, Edmund," in Dictionary of Virginia Biography. [Richmond: Library of Virginia, 1998.] I, 448-49.)

BEVERLEY, PETER (ca. 1668-1728), of Gloucester County was "Speaker of the House of Burgesses at four of the first five assemblies of the eighteenth century," and had been clerk of the House earlier. He was clerk of Gloucester County from 1695 until 1714, treasurer of the colony from 1712 until 1723, and deputy surveyor general of the colony from 1716. He was later surveyor general. and was elevated to the Council in 1719. (Kukla. Speakers and Clerks. . . . pp 103-105.)

BLAIR, JAMES (ca. 1655-1743), a Scot and a Presbyterian minister, represented the Anglican bishop of London in Virginia (to which he emigrated in 1685) as commissary from 1690 until his death. Often at odds with the governors of the colony, and especially Francis Nicholson, he was a formidable opponent. The founder of the College of William and Mary and its first president, he was a member of the Council, and, as president of the Council, served briefly as governor in 1740-1741. (Rouse. James Blair.; and Billings. et al. Colonial Virginia: A History, esp. Chapter 7, "The Era of the Council.")

BRAXTON, MARY (CARTER) (1712-1736), Robert Carter's thirteenth child. She married George Braxton II (c.1705-1749) of "Newington," King and Queen County in 1732. Her son, Carter Braxton, was a Signer of the Declaration of Independence. (Carlton. A Genealogy. . . of Robert Carter. . . . pp. 429-430.)

BRENT TOWN was a speculative land development put together by Nicholas Hayward (d. ante 1697) of London, a notary public, merchant, and speculator. Hayward assembled a syndicate composed of London merchants Robert Bristow (1643-1707) and Richard Foote (his brother-in-law), and George Brent of Woodstock," Stafford County. The syndicate purchased on January 10, 1686/87, from Lord Culpeper, by then the sole owner of the Northern Neck Proprietary, 30,006 acres in Stafford County "Between the Courses of the said Two Rivers, Rappahannock and Potowmack . . . upon and Between the Southwest and Northeast Branches of Ocaquant Creek. . . ." Hayward obtained a dispensation from King James II that would allow the Hugenots that he hoped to settle on the land to have the "full exercise of their Religion." The town that Hayward hoped to build on the tract was called Brenton, "but this was corrupted by local [Virginia] usage into Brent Town, and that came to be the designation of the whole tract." Hayward was not successful in persuading Hugenots to move to the lands, and, after flirting with other possibilities, the tract remained unsettled and unsurveyed at the time of his death about 1697. The members of the syndicate and their heirs bequeathed and sold their rights in the Brenton tract for generations. Robert Carter was to have considerable trouble over the tract after becoming agent of the proprietors again in 1721. He was pressed to grant lands in the area of Brenton, but it was very difficult to do so because the tract had not been surveyed—and was not to be until 1737-1738. Fairfax Harrison, in a chapter entitled "Brent Town, Ravensworth and the Hugenots," in his Landmarks of Old Prince William (from which all quotations used here are taken) tells the story of Brent Town extremely well. (Harrison. Landmarks. . . . pp. 177-198. See also Davis, William Fitzhugh. . . . p. 191, fn 2, and other sources.)

BRICK HOUSE QUARTER was located in Lancaster County roughly three miles northwest of Carter's home. It was a "collection of parcels acquired . . . from various owners." One of those owners was the family of " Rev. Andrew Jackson, (Irish-Presbyterian) minister of Christ Church Parish from 1686-1710. His brother James sold Robert Carter some 1,300 acres in 1713, part of which included the Brick House tract. . . . [Rev.] Jackson lived in a manor house (the "Brick House") on lands that became part of this Brick House Quarter. . . ." In the 1733 inventory of Robert Carter's estate, there were 20 slaves, 63 sheep, 45 hogs, and 46 cattle on the place. (People in Profile. p. 23; Robert Teagle, Historic Christ Church Foundation , email to the editor, 8/17/2007; and "Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . ")

BRISTOW, ROBERT (1643-1707), "emigrated to Virginia about 1660 and established himself in Gloucester County." He became a burgess, and supported the government during Bacon's Rebellion, was captured by the rebels, and lost much property. He is usually referred to as "Major Bristow," probably because of his service at this time. Returning to England in 1677, he became a member of the Grocer's Company, a successful merchant in the Virginia trade, and an alderman of London. His daughter was married to Arthur Bailey. Bristow was one of the four partners in the Brenton land speculation in Virginia; see the letter of January 1, 1715, Hooper to Robert Carter, for more information. (Harrison. Landmarks. . . . p. 191.)

BRISTOW, ROBERT (d. 1706), son of Major Robert Bristow; his will states that he was of the parish of Gabriel, Fenchurch Street, London, and that he was a merchant. ("Bristow Wills. . . ." )

BRISTOW, ROBERT (1688-1737), grandson of Major Robert Bristow ; Robert Carter turned down an opportunity to be his Virginia agent, and, in 1709, Bristow gave a power of attorney to Thomas Booth of York County for that purpose. In 1772, a Thomas Booth was still the Bristow family's agent, but their lands were confiscated during the American Revolution. Bristow was a Member of Parliament for Winchelsea, 1708-1737, and a director of the Bank of England. (Tyler. "Inscriptions on Old Tombs in Gloucester Co., Virginia.", and Sedgwick. Parliament. I, 488.)

BURFORD, JOHN, commanded the Elizabeth and Mary, a London ship of 20 men and 10 guns, built at Ipswich in 1697, and of 250 tons. She was owned by Goodwin and Mathews, Samuel Landford, Nicholas Goodwin, William Holditch, and Job Mathews. This ship sank during a voyage to Virginia in the winter of 1701-1702; John Burford later commanded the Mansfield by which Robert Carter sent tobacco to London. ("List of Ships . . . 1705." and Naval officer's return for Rappahannock River, 1700. . . . ff. 13.)

was a farm in Richmond County, "apparently in the vicinity of Cat Point Bridge." (Miller, Mary R. Place-Names of the Northern Neck. . . . p. 19.)

BURRIDGE, JOHN (1681?-1753), brother of Robert Burridge, a merchant in London trading primarily "to Guinea and the West Indies." John Burridge represented Lyme Regis in Parliament from 1710-1728. In 1717, his estate was seized by the Crown for non-payment of duties on wine. (Sedgwick. Parliament)

BURRIDGE, ROBERT (1683-1752), a merchant of Lyme Regis, Dorset, who came from an ancient Somerset family. He was mayor of Lyme in 1710 and 1721. His brother John was a London merchant who represented Lyme in Parliament. In Robert Carter's letter to Robert Burridge of July 13, 1720, he mentions "Mr. Joseph Paise Yor. Partner." (George Roberts. History and Antiquities of the Borough of Lyme Regis and Charmworth. [London, 1834]. pp. 383-4, 209, 286, 295, and other sources. )

BURWELL, ELIZABETH (CARTER) Elizabeth Carter(1692-1734), Robert Carter's oldest daughter, married in 1709 Nathaniel Burwell (1680-1721) of "Carter's Creek," Gloucester County, and, in 1724, Dr. George Nicholas.

BURWELL, LEWIS (1651 or 1652 -1710), of "Carter's Creek," Gloucester County, and later of "King's Creek," York County. He was a member of the Council, 1702-1710. (Christopher F. Lee. "Burwell, Lewis," Dictionary of Virginia Biography. [Richmond: Library of Virginia, 2001.] II, 432-33.)

BURWELL, NATHANIEL (1680-1721), of "Carter's Creek" (later called "Fairfield"), Gloucester County, naval officer, justice. and burgess. He married Robert Carter's daughter Elizabeth Carter (1692-1734) in 1709. Robert Carter managed his estates until his own death. (McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . ., 3[1705-1721]:207, 215; and Cynthia Miller Leonard. The General Assembly of Virginia July 30, 1619-January 11, 1978. A Bicentennial Register of Members. [Richmond: General Assembly of Virginia, 1978]. p 70.)

probably had belonged to Robert Carter's son-in-law, Nathaniel Burwell, who died in 1721. The profits from this farm went to Burwell's widow, Elizabeth, and Robert Carter acquired title to it at some point because he bequeathed it to one of Elizabeth's sons.

BYRD, WILLIAM (1652-1704), first of that name in Virginia, arrived" before 1670 . . . to live with his maternal uncle, Thomas Stegge, auditor general of the colony." From Stegge, Byrd learned of the lucrative fur trade in which he subsequently prospered. He served as a burgess, was appointed to the Council in 1682, and in 1687 won "the office his uncle had held of duputy auditor and receiver general of the revenues." (Tinling, The Correspondence of the Three William Byrds. . . ., pp. 3-6.)

CAGE, WILLIAM of Milgate, County Kent, England, was related to the Fairfax family, and became one of two trustees for the young (sixth) Lord Fairfax after his mother's death in 1719. The second trustee soon died, and Cage became the sole trustee. He sought the advice of Micajah and Richard Perry in finding a replacement for Edmund Jenings as Virginia agent for the Northern Neck Proprietary, and Robert Carter obtained a lease for it in 1721. The trusteeship ended in 1727. (See various references in Brown. Virginia Baron. . . ., and the discussion of the Northern Neck Proprietary linked from the home page.)

CARTER, CHARLES (1707-1764) was Robert Carter's tenth child; his mother was Carter's second wife, Elizabeth (Landon) Willis Carter. Charles would live at "Cleve," King George County, and inherit a number of properties in that area from his father. (Bruce A. Ragsdale. "Charles Carter" in Sara B. Bearss, John G. Deal, et al., eds. Dictionary of Virginia Biography. [Richmond: Library of Virginia, 2006], 3:57-59.; Carleton. A Genealogy. . . of Robert Carter. . . . p. 340; and Morton. Robert Robert Carter of Nomini Hall. )

CARTER, ELIZABETH, BURWELL NICHOLAS (1692-1734), Robert Carter's oldest daughter, married in 1709 Nathaniel Burwell (1680-1721) of "Carter's Creek," Gloucester County, and, in 1724, Dr. George Nicholas. (Carleton. A Genealogy. . . of Robert Carter. . . . p. 2.)

CARTER, ELIZABETH (LANDON) WILLIS (1684-1719), was called "Betty," and "was baptized 17 May 1683 in Credenhill, Herefordshire." Her father, Thomas Landon, moved first to New York and later to Middlesex County, Virginia. She was the widow of Richard Willis (1656-1701) of Middlesex County when she became Robert Carter's second wife. The couple would have ten children, the last, George, being born in 1718. A list of her children and a reproduction of a portrait of her may be found on the website of the Foundation for Historic Christ Church.. (Carleton. A Genealogy. . . of Robert Carter. . . . p. 2.)

CARTER, GEORGE (ca. 1718-ca. 1741/42), Robert Carter's fifteenth child. He attended William and Mary, and was sent to London by his older brother, John Carter, after Robert Carter's death. He studied law there, and remained in London until his death. (Carleton. A Genealogy. . . of Robert Carter. . . . p. 2.)

CARTER, JAMES, (1684-1743), of Stafford County, the younger brother of Carter's dear friend and associate, Captain Thomas Carter of Lancaster County, and was one of Robert Carter's chief managers. (Joseph Lyon Miller, "Captain Thomas Carter and His Descendants," William and Mary Quarterly. 17[1 ser., 1908-09]: 275-285.)

CARTER, JOHN (ca.1648-1690), older brother of Robert, justice, militia officer, and prominent citizen of Lancaster County. He inherited the bulk of his father's estate, and managed it well, while adhering both to the specifics and intent of his father's will with regard to the education of his younger brother. John Carter II married twice, first to Elizabeth Hull, daugher of John and Elizabeth Hull, by whom he had his only child, Elizabeth Carter. Carter married his second wife, Elizabeth Travers, in 1684; she married Christopher Wormeley after Carter's death, and died herself in 1693. (Thomas Allen Glenn. Some Colonial Mansions and Those Who Lived in Them, With Genealogies of the Various Families Mentioned. [Philadelphia: H. T. Coates & Company]. 1899. pp. 244 ff. and review of The Ancestry of Benjamin Harrison, President of the United States of America, 1889-1893 in Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 2[Oct. 1894]: 236, with notes on the Carter family; and other sources.)

CARTER, JOHN (ca. 1689-1742), oldest child of Robert, studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, and then at the Middle Temple; he was called to the bar in 1720. Alexander Spotswood appointed John Carter agent for Virginia in England, but he resigned this post when he was appointed Secretary of State for the colony in 1722. He returned to Virginia in 1723, and had a distinguished career. He married Elizabeth Hill of "Shirley," and had four children. A reproduction of a portrait of him may be found on the website of the Foundation for Historic Christ Church, and on that of Shirley Plantation. (Emory G. Evans. "John Carter" in Sara B. Bearss, John G. Deal, et al., eds. Dictionary of Virginia Biography. [Richmond: Library of Virginia, 2006], 3:73-75; Carleton. A Genealogy. . . of Robert Carter. . . . p. 3.; and "Virginia Council Journals," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. 32(1924): 48.)

CARTER, JUDITH (ARMISTEAD) (1665-1699), Robert Carter's first wife, mother of five of Robert's children including John Carter (1689/90-1742). A list of her children and a reproduction of a portrait of her may be found on the Foundation for Historic Christ Church's website. (Carleton. A Genealogy. . . of Robert Carter. . . . p. 2.)

CARTER, LUCY see Fitzhugh, Lucy (Carter)

CARTER, MARY see Braxton, Mary (Carter)

CARTER, ROBERT, II, Robert Carter (1704-1732) was Carter's seventh child by his second wife, Elizabeth Landon (Willis) Carter. Robert was sent to England to school in 1718; see Carter's letter to William Dawkins, July 9, 1718. Robert married Priscilla Churchill (1705-1757) in 1725 and had two children, one of whom, Robert Carter III, would be known as "Councillor" Carter of "Nomini Hall." Robert Carter II died a few months before his father. (Morton. Robert Robert Carter of Nomini Hall.)

CARTER, THOMAS, (1672-1733) was the second of that name in Lancaster County, and may have been Robert Carter's first cousin as there is evidence that their fathers were brothers. He lived at "Barford" in the northern part of the county. (Catherine Adams Jones. The Early Thomas Carters of Lancaster County, Virginia. [Lancaster, Virginia: Mary Ball Washington Museum & Library], 1982.)

CARTER (SHIP) A vessel named the Carter traded to Virginia for many years; she is most often referred to as the Carter Frigatt. The captain in 1706 was Thomas Graves who is mentioned in the Lancaster County Court Orders Book for judgements against him obtained by Robert Carter. Later, the Carter would be commanded by Baily Kent, 1718-1721, Thomas Dove, and by Benjamin Graves. She was owned by Robert Carter and William Dawkins in 1720. (Survey report 6800 for Adm. 68/194-5, Virginia Colonial Records Project, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia; and Lancaster County Court Orders Book 5, 1702-13, p. 187, as abstracted in Jones, Orders Book Entries . . . Referring to "Robert Carter. . . . " )

CARTER'S CREEK, the Burwell home, was in Gloucester County about two miles up the stream of this name from "Rosewell."

CARTER'S RANGE " probably was the farm in Prince William County called "Range Quarter" in the 1733 inventory of Robert Carter's estate. ("Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . "<)

CARY, ROBERT (1685-1751), London merchant, second of the name, a partner in a firm that was involved in the Virginia tobacco trade for over 100 years. Robert Carter mentions in his will that he had purchased lands in Richmond, Westmoreland, and King George counties from Cary. (Carter Papers [Robert Carter's will]; Price. "Who Was John Norton? A Note on . . . Some Eighteenth-Century London Virginia Firms"; and there is a listing of the firm of Cary & Montague, Merchants,Watling-street, on page 17 of Kent's Directory For the Year 1740 Containing An Alphabetical List of the Names and Places of Abode of the Directors of Companies, Persons in Publick Business, Merchants, and other Eminent Traders in the Cities of London and Westminster, and the Borough of Southwark. London: [Printed and Sold by Henry Kent in Finch-Lane, near the Royal Exchange: and by the Booksellers and Pamphlets Shops of London and Westminster, 1740].

CHANGLINS was a farm owned by Robert Carter located in Lancaster County relatively close to Corotoman.

CHICHESTER, RICHARD, (1657-1734) came to Virginia in 1702. He married Anne Fox Chinn, and settled in Lancaster County. ("Virginia Gleanings in England," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 21 (1913): 249-253.)

CHURCHILL, ARMISTEAD, (1704-1763) was the son of William Churchill of "Bushy Park," Middlesex County. (Harrison, Landmarks of Old Prince William,p. 346.)

CHURCHILL, WILLIAM (1649/50-1710), of "Bushy Park," Middlesex County, served in various posts before being appointed to the Council on August 15, 1705. His daughter, Priscilla Churchill, was to marry Robert Carter's son Robert. (Tinling. The Secret Diary of William Byrd. . . . , 264, for death date (28.XI.1710); and William and Mary Quarterly, 1st. ser., 8(1900): 39, 47-50 for genealogy of the Churchills.)

CLAYTON, JOHN, (1665-1737), John Clayton, an attorney educated at Eton, Cambridge, and the Inner Temple, came to Virginia about 1705, and served as secretary to Governor Edward Nott. He practiced law, held various legal posts in the colony, and was appointed Attorney General in 1713. (Berkeley and Berkeley. John Clayton.; and Brent Tarter, "John Clayton (ca. 16661737)" in Encyclopedia Virginia. [Virginia Foundation for the Humanities].)

COLEMAN'S was a farm apparently in Lancaster County close to "Brick House" and "Pursells."

COLE'S POINT was a farm in Westmoreland County "in Coles Neck just east of Lower Machodoc Creek on the Potomac" Mary R. Miller notes. The property, of some 1,350 acres, descended to Robert Carter III, according to Louis Morton. (Miller, Place-Names of the Northern Neck. . . .p. 32.; and Morton, Robert Carter. . . . p. 70.)

CORBIN, GAWIN, (d. 1744), of "Buckingham," Middlesex County, and later of "Laneville," King and Queen County, was a justice of the peace, burgess, collector, and naval officer of the Rappahannock; he owned extensive tracts of land in many counties. ("The Corbin Family of Virginia," p. 244; and Virginia Magazine of History and Biography,85 (Jan.77): 28, fn. 50.)

CORBIN, THOMAS (d. post 1732), a fellow trustee with Robert Carter of Ralph Wormeley's estate, was born in Virginia but became a London merchant, perhaps in the firm run by his father's brother, Gawin Corbin (d. 1709), who was "for a number of years financial agent for Virginia in England. . . ." ("The Corbin Family of Virginia," 244.)

COROTOMAN or "Buckles," was a property very close to Robert Carter's home, also called "Corotoman." But this property was under the direction of an overseer named John Buckles, and Robert Carter frequently refers to it as "Buckles."

COSBY, AMY, seems to have been an important house servant, probably the housekeeper for Robert Carter, then a widower, and is mentioned a number of times in the diary.

DAWKINS, WILLIAM, (d. ca. 1737) a London merchant, began his career as an apprentice to Arthur Bailey, and succeeded to the firm. He later brought Edward Athawes into his business. Dawkins was one of Robert Carter's most frequent correspondents. (Robert Kirk Headley. Wills of Richmond County, Virginia, 1699-1800. [Genealogical Publishing Com, 1983], p. 304, cites the 1717 will of Robert Paine in which was stated "the money I have in the hands of William Dawkins, merchant in London. . . ."; and William A. Shaw, editor. Calendar of Treasury Books and Papers, 4:1739-1741, pp. I-VI, in notes for January 1738/39,where it is stated: "The Customs Commissioners' report of 1737-8, Feb. 3, read on the petition of Micajah Perry and the executors of William Dawkins, late of London, merchant. Their Lordships order all further prosecution against them to cease.")

DICKINSON'S (DICKERSON'S) MILL, a property of about 300 acres in Richmond County; it descended to Robert Carter III. Miller in her Place Names . . . speculates that the property may be the present-day Garland's Mill on the pond of that name. (Miller, Place-Names. . . . p. 40; and Louis Morton. Robert Carter of Nomini Hall. [Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1964] p. 70.)

DRYSDALE, HUGH, (ca. 1670-1726), Irish army office and lieutenant governor of Virginia under the Earl of Orkney, the titular governor who never came to Virginia. Drysdale arrived in Virginia in September 1722 and ruled the colony until his death in July 1726. Robert Carter, then ranking member of the Council, succeeded him. (Raimo. Directory of American Colonial . . . Governors 1607-1789; and Emory G. Evans. "Hugh Drysdale" in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.)

ESCHEAT is the legal process of reversion of land to the lord of the manor (usually in these documents, to the proprietors of the Northern Neck) because of the death without heirs of the holder of the lands. Anyone wishing to patent escheated lands had to pay a fee to Robert Carter as the agent of the proprietors.(various dictionaries)

ESKRIDGE, GEORGE, (1660-1735), of "Sandy Point," Westmoreland County, was a burgess and perhaps the most prominent man in the county at this time. He was the guardian for Mary Ball, mother of George Washington, and the latter's namesake. His will is available online at ttp:// as of 2002 July 31. (Lucy Brown Beale, "Colonel George Eskridge," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, 3(Dec. 1953): 233-236; and Charles Willard Hoskins Warner, "George Eskridge of Westmoreland: His Age and Political Career," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, 16(Dec. 1966): 1450-1467.)

EUSTACE, WILLIAM, (d. ca. 1740), was sheriff of Northumberland County in 1729, and had a large estate. He petitioned the Lancaster County court for an acre of land "to build a Water Mill on the land lately belonging to Thomas Purrcell on Norris Bridge swamp. . . ." (Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 34(1926): 201, 346, 347; and Lancaster County Order Book 7, 1721-1729, pp. 66 and 69, as abstracted in Jones, Orders Book Entries . . . Referring to "Robert Carter. . . .")

EVANS, THOMAS, a London merchant whose business failed in 1726. (See the post script of Carter's letter to William Dawkins, May 13 and June 2, 1727.

FAIRFAX, THOMAS (1693-1781), sixth Lord Fairfax, inherited the Northern Neck Proprietary in Virginia upon his mother's death in 1719. Her will established a trust that extended to "1728 [when] Robert Fairfax [Thomas' brother] reached the age of 21, and this event terminated Lady Fairfax's testamentary trust," relieving William Cage, and giving Thomas Fairfax full control of his estates. Because of his concern over Robert Carter's management of them, he came to Virginia in 1735 to administer them himself. His relationship with George Washington is well known. (Brown. Virginia Baron . . ., and p. 39 for quotation.)

FALLS QUARTER was located in King George County, and had twenty-four slaves, three horses, and thirty-eight cattle in the 1733 inventory of Robert Carter's estate; it lay on lands patented in March 1704 by James Innes for Robert Carter. ("Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . ."; and Harrison, Landmarks of Old Prince William. p. 198.)

FALMOUTH was a new town created by the Assembly in February 1727. Robert Carter, Mann Page, Nicholas Smith, William Thornton, John Fitzhugh, Charles Carter, and Henry Fitzhugh the younger were the "directors and trustees." The land chosen for the site lay in King George County, and deeds were recorded in its court records. (William Waller Hening, The Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of the Laws of Virginia . . . . [Richmond, 1820. reprint, 1969], IV, pp. 234-39; and John W. Reps. Tidewater Towns: City Planning in Colonial Virginia and Maryland. [Williamsburg,VA: The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 1972]. pp. 198, 202, 204.).

FIELDING'S PLANTATION was located in Fielding Neck, Northumberland County,and comprised some 1800 to 2000 acres. In the 1733 inventory of Robert Carter's estate, it had six slaves, twenty-four sheep, twenty-five hogs, thirty-three cattle, and a horse. It passed to Robert Carter III. (Morton, Robert Carter of Nomini Hall.; and "Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . .".)

FITZHUGH, LUCY (CARTER) (1715-1763), Robert Carter's fourteenth child. She married Henry Fitzhugh (1706-1742) of "Eagle's Nest," Stafford County, in 1730, and had four children; after Fitzhugh's death, she married Nathaniel Harrison (1713-1791). (Carleton. A Genealogy. . . of Robert Carter. . . . p. 451.)

FLEET'S BAY is at the east end of Northumberland County not far from Corotoman.

FOOTE, RICHARD, (1666-1725), of Stafford County, son of Richard Foote, and nephew of Nicholas Hayward, developer of the Brent Town speculation in the Northern Neck Proprietary. Foote's father was one of Hayward's partners, and a successful merchant in London. The son lived in the Brent Town tract, and represented the owners in Virginia. ("The Foote Family." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 7{July 1899]: 73-75; and Harrison. Landmarks. . . ., p. 178.

FRANKLIN, JOSHUA, a merchant of Bristol, very active in the Merchant Venturers' Company. He began his career as an apprentice to Richard Franklin, who may have been his cousin, in 1693. His brother Henry Franklin had ben apprenticed to Richard some years earlier. (McGrath. Records Relating to the Society of Merchant Venturers . . . of Bristol. p.38. and McGrath. The Merchants Venturers of Bristol: A History. . . . p. 151.)

GIBSON, JONATHAN (d. 1729), "established Gibson's Tobacco Warehouse on the Rappahannock river on the dower land of his wife, Elizabeth (Thornton) Conway Gibson"; it was located "immediately opposite Port Royal in Caroline County." (King George County Virginia Will Book A-1 1721-1752 And Miscellaneous Notes. [Fredericksburg, Va.: Privately Printed, 1978], p. 237.)

GOOCH, SIR WILLIAM (1681-1751), baronet, army officer, and lieutenant governor of the colony under the govenor, George Hamilton, Earl of Orkney, reached Williamsburg in September 1727. He served during the remainder of Carter's lifetime (and until August 1749). (Emily J. Salmon and Edward D. C. Campbell, Jr. The Hornbook of Virginia History.[Richmond: The Library of Virginia, 1994]. p. 106; Paul David Nelson. "Sir William Gooch, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography; and Percy Scott Flippin, "William Gooch: Successful Royal Governor of Virginia." William and Mary Quarterly, 5{2nd ser. (Oct. 1925)]: 225-258.)

GOODWIN, JOHN, presumed to be Jonathan Mathews' partner in a London firm as Robert Carter usually addressed them jointly. He may have been a kinsman of William Churchill who named Nicholas and John Goodwin of London as two of his executors. Robert Carter was "agent" for the London merchants James Waye and Nicholas Goodwin in August 1709 when he obtained a court order on their behalf. (William and Mary Quarterly, , 17[1st.ser.(1909)]:167; and Jones, Orders Book Entries . . . Referring to "Robert Carter". p. 218.)

GRAVES, ADAM was a son of Captain Thomas Graves (d. ante 1720), long a captain of vessels trading to Virginia, and a special friend of Robert Carter's. Adam Graves commanded the Bailey in 1724-1727, a ship that belonged to London merchant William Dawkins. (Survey Report 6800, and Adm. 68/194-196, found in the microfilms of the Virginia Colonial Records Project, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia)

GREEN SPRING was located in James City County about eight miles from Williamsburg, and five from Jamestown. Originally, it was the home of Sir William Berkeley, and passed into the Ludwell family when Philip Ludwell (1638-1717) married Berkeley's widow. (For a current study of this important house, see Virginia B. Price, "Constructing to Command: Rivalries between Green Spring and the Governor's Palace, 1677-1722." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. 113[no.1]: 3-45.)

GREGORY, JOSEPH was the captain of one of Carter's sloops, and is mentioned often in the diary. It is not clear whether he was an indentured servant or a contracted employee.

GRYMES, JOHN, (1692-1748) of "Brandon," Middlesex County, justice, burgess, deputy auditor of the colony and member of the Council from 1726; he also served as receiver general of the colony (from 1722). (McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . ., 4(1721-1739), 99. and various web sites for the Grymes family.)

DOUGLAS-HAMILTON, GEORGE (1666-1737), first Earl of Orkney, a distinguished general in the British army. was rewarded in part for his service by being awarded by Queen Anne in 1710 the sinecure post of governor of Virginia, a post he held until his death in 1737. He never visited the colony but sent a succession of deputies as lieutenant governors. (Lawrence B. Smith. "Hamilton, George, first earl of Orkney" in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography)

HARRISON, ANNE (CARTER), (1702-ca. 1743), Robert Carter's daughter, married in 1722 Benjamin Harrison IV of "Bromley," Charles City County.

HARRISON, BENJAMIN, (1695-1745), of "Bromley," (later the builder of "Berkeley,") both in Charles City County, a prominent citizen and frequently a burgess, married Robert Carter's daughter Anne in 1722. ("Harrison of James River," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. 32(1924): 97.)

HARRISON, NATHANIEL (1697-1727), of "Wakefield," Surry County, justice, burgess, naval officer, and receiver of duties, was appointed to the Council in 1713. (Tyler, Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography, I, 152; and McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . ., 3(1705-1721) and 4(1721-1739): numerous references.)

HEDGEMAN, NATHANIEL, (d. 1721), settled his family at "Accokeek" on Potomac Creek, Stafford County, a property he bought from George Mason (1629-1686). He was one of Robert Carter's senior overseers, or managers, and his accidental death caused problems for Carter. (Harrison, Landmarks of Old Prince William, pp. 198-203; and Robert A. Rutland, The Papers of George Mason. [Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1970], l, x.)

HICKORY THICKET was located in Richmond County "northeast of Warsaw." Landon Carter inherited the property and there are numerous mentions of it in his diaries.(Miller, Place-Names of the Northern Neck . . . ., p. 66.)

HILLS QUARTER was a farm owned by Robert Carter located in Lancaster County relatively close to his home, "Corotoman."

HOLLOWAY, JOHN (ca. 1666-1734), an English-born lawyer who emigrated first to Maryland, and then to Virginia at the beginning of the eighteenth century. He represented King and Queen County in the House of Burgesses in 1710, and was elected Speaker in the sessions of 1720-1722, 1723-1726, and 1728-1734. He was at first a strong supporter of Alexander Spotswood, but later broke with him. He did legal work for Robert Carter from time to time. (Kukla. Speakers and Clerks. . . . pp. 113-118.)

HOOPER, THOMAS, was appointed sheriff of Stafford County in 1719. (McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . ., 4 (1721-1739): p. xl.)

HUST (or Hurst), JOHN, (d. 1747) was the overseer of "Hamstead Quarter," Stafford County, in the 1733 inventory of Robert Carter's estate, supervising sixteen slaves with the assistance of one horse. Hust was a carpenter as well because Carter mentions Hust's doing carpentry work in various letters. ("Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . ." and Fairfax Harrison, "A Group of Northern Neck Families: Daniel, Moxley, Gunnell, Bowling, Hurst." Tyler's Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine, 1(1919):162-171.)

HYDE, JOHN,,usually referred to as "Captain," was a London merchant with whom Robert Carter dealt. His firm owned the Providence. There is a listing of John Hyde, Merchant, Garlick Hill, on page 44 of Kent's Directory For the Year 1740 Containing An Alphabetical List of the Names and Places of Abode of the Directors of Companies, Persons in Publick Business, Merchants, and other Eminent Traders in the Cities of London and Westminster, and the Borough of Southwark. [London: Printed and Sold by Henry Kent in Finch-Lane, near the Royal Exchange: and by the Booksellers and Pamphlets Shops of London and Westminster, 1740].

INDIAN TOWN (plantation) was a farm located in Lancaster County near Weems and Carter's home at "Corotoman." He inherited it from his brother John Carter II. In the1733 inventory of Carter's estate, John Leathead was the overseer of 26 slaves, 114 cattle, and a number of hogs. (Miller, Place-Names. . . . p. 72; "Czarter Papers: An Inventory. . . ." ; and Christine A. Jones, compiler. John Carter II of "Corotoman" Lancaster County, Virginia. [Irvington, VA: Foundation for Historica Christ Church, Inc., 1978]. p. 54.)

INNIS, a Richmond County property acquired by Robert Carter toward the end of 1728. Enoch Innis inherited it from his father, James, who died in 1709. (Lucy Jane Brent Palmer, "Charles Brent of Stafford County and Some of His Descendants," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 34(1926): 280-85 and 378-84; and "Abstracts From Records of Richmond County, Virginia," William and Mary Quarterly, 1st. ser.,17(1908-09): 173-177, which cites records of Richmond County concerning this will, probated December 25, 1709, as from Will Book 3).

JENINGS, EDMUND (1659-1727), at odds with Robert Carter for most of his life. Born in England, he was trained as a lawyer and practiced that profession in Virginia where he was Attorney General and Secretary of State as well as a member of the Council and holder of many lesser offices. He succeeded Robert Carter as agent for the proprietors of the Northern Neck in 1711, and, due to his poor health, left the records in a considerable muddle as Robert Carter found upon resuming the agency in 1721. Jenings accrued many debts, especially to London merchant Micajah Perry, and Robert Carter eventually took a mortgage on Jenings' estate, "Ripon Hall," taking it over when Jenings could not make the payments. Because of poor health Jenings was suspended from the Council in 1726 when Lt. Governor Hugh Drysdale was planning a trip to England for his health. Robert Carter thus became first member of the Council, and acting governor upon Drysdale's sudden death on July 22, 1726. (Brown. Virginia Baron. . . . and a variety of other sources.)

JOHNSON, JOHN, replaced Nathaniel Hedgeman as Carter's "general overseer" in late spring 1721 after Hedgeman's accidental death. Johnson, Carter wrote Captain Thomas Hooper on June 22, 1721, "hath lived under me for several Years and I hope will prove a diligent honest man . . . although he is unlettered." (Wright, Letters of Robert Carter 1720-1727., 103.)

JONES, CHARLES,, a long-time overseer for Carter at Hills Quarter in Lancaster County. Carter mentioned him in several diary entries after 1723, wrote to him there in 1727, and he appears in Robert Carter's will as the overseer on that property. ("Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . .")

JONES, ROBERT, resident of Prince William County where he was a justice and sheriff 1731-1732. He probably sold Robert Carter a plantation in Northumberland County that is mentioned in Robert Carter's will. In 1727, Jones seems to have been Robert Carter's chief overseer in the upper country; see the lengthy letter to him of October10 and 14, 1727. (Harrison. Landmarks. . . . p.339., and Berkeley. "Robert Carter as Agricultural Administrator: . . .", 273-295.)

KING, JOHN (d. 1734), Bristol merchant, and a prominent citizen who served as a member of the corporation, 1716-1734, sheriff, 1719-1720, and as mayor in 1732-1734. He was involved in both tobacco and iron. (Minchinton. Politics and the Port of Bristol in the Eighteenth Century. . . . pp. 23, 31, 147; and Alfred B. Beavan, Bristol Lists: Municipal and Miscellaneous. [Bristol, 1889] p. 298.)

KINGS CREEK "was the home of Lewis Burwell (d. 1710) in York County. He was a member of Council and the father of Nathaniel (1680-1721) who married Robert Carter's daughter, Elizabeth, in 1708.

LEE, FRANCIS (1648-1714), third son of Richard Lee, the immigrant, inherited considerable property in Virginia when his father died in 1664. But he had probably already served a "commercial apprenticeship in London with Griffith and Lockey" before returning to Virginia about 1670. He settled in Northumberland County, became a justice, and prospered. The call of merchant life took him back to London where he kept offices first in Buttolfe Lane, and later in St. Dionis, Backchurch. (Montague. "Richard Lee, the Emigrant 1613 (?)-1664." Virginia Magazine. . . . and Tinling. The Correspondence of the Three William Byrds. . . .)

LEE, RICHARD (1691-1740), of "Ditchley," Northumberland County, a justice and long-time (1716-1735) clerk of the county court. He was the son of Hancock Lee (d. 1709), an intimate friend of Robert Carter who was named in Lee's will as "a good friend," and appointed one of the trustees of his children. (Cazenove G. Lee, Lee Chronicle . . . pp. 33-35; and Wright. Letters of Robert Carter. . . . p. 28)

LLOYD, ELIZABETH (CARTER), only child of Robert Carter's brother John. Elizabeth (1675-1693) married John Lloyd in 1691, and was dead by November 1693 of measles. Lloyd appointed managers of the estate in 1699 in Essex County, and returned to England the next year as he had inherited land there. Elizabeth inherited from her mother, Elizabeth Hull, also an only child, all of her grandfather John Hull's property. ("Abstracts of Richmond County, Virginia" [from Order Book 1], William and Mary Quarterly,18[1 ser.,October 1908]: 73-85; see also Carl F. Cannon, Jr., "Robert ('King') Carter of 'Corotoman.'" Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Duke University, 1956, p.25.)

LLOYD'S ESTATE was that of John Lloyd, husband of Carter's niece Elizabeth. Carter held a lease on the estate for many years. He noted in a letter to Micajah Perry July 13, 1723, that the estate consisted of about 1,900 acres. These holdings apparently lay up the Rappahannock near the falls as Carter always sent his sloop for its tobacco. The estate's tobacco mark was the double arrowhead or double "L" which Carter frequently used in his diary and letters to refer to it. He undertook to buy the estate in the later years of his life, and finally acquired it about 1732.

LOMAX, JOHN (1675-1729), born in North Shields, Northumberland, England, came to Virginia in 1701, and married Betty Wormeley, daughter of Ralph Wormeley, two years later. Through her, he acquired "Portobogo," Essex (later Caroline) County. He was a justice of the peace. (Lomax Family Bible.)

LUDWELL, PHILLIP (c. 1638-1717?), emigrated from England about 1660, rising to Council membership in 1675. He supported Governor Sir William Berkeley during Bacon's Rebellion, and married Berkeley's widow, Frances, in 1677. He was a stormy character, fighting with governors, losing and winning back his Council seat on two occasions. He became agent for the proprietors of the Northern Neck in 1689 although he was rarely in the colony and employed deputies. He returned to England where he represented the House of Burgesses, later served as governor of Northern Carolina and of North and South Carolina, returning to England in 1700 where he lived seventeen more years. ("Ludwell Family"; "Philip Ludwell's Account," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 1(1893-1894):174-186; Davis, William Fitzhugh. . . . p. 41; and the Dictionary of American Biography)

LUDWELL, PHILLIP (1672-1727), auditor, member of and president of the Council, and rector of the College of William and Mary. ("Ludwell Family," )

McCARTY, DANIEL (1679-1724), son of Dennis McCarty (d. 1694) of Richmond County, an attorney, sheriff (1710-1712), and longtime burgess from Westmoreland County (1705-1724), speaker of the House of Burgesses in 1715 and 1718. He married Ann Lee, daughter of the second Richard Lee, and widow of the second William Fitzhugh. (Kukla. Speakers and Clerks. . . . pp. 113-118.)

MANGORITE (or Mangorike) was a farm in Richmond County "in the vicinity of present Downing Bridge spanning the Rappahannock and present-day Little Carter Creek. . . . It consisted of 1,800 acres belonging to Colonel Moore Fauntleroy in the seventeenth century." Robert Carter bequeathed it to Landon Carter. (Miller, Place-Names . . ., p. 93.; and Greene, The Diary of Colonel Landon Carter. . . ., p. 5.)

MATHEWS, JONATHAN, London merchant, probably a member of the Stationers Company. He and his partner, John Goodwin, with William Churchill, and Robert Carter owned the Friendly Society, a 60-ton vessel trading from London to Barbados and Virginia. (Horwitz, et al. London Politics 1713-1717. . . . p. 103.; and "Collector's Return . . .," ff. 160.)

MEEKS, RICHARD, was described by Robert Carter in a letter of April 12, 1728, to Micajah Perry as the "head Overseer" of the property that he consistently referred to by its tobacco mark of a double arrowhead or double "L"; it was the Lloyd properties belonging to John Lloyd, widower of Robert Carter's niece, Elizabeth. Lloyd went to England about 1700. Robert Carter apparently leased the lands from him for many years, and eventually acquired title to them about 1730.

MERCHANT'S HUNDRED is six miles southeast of Williamsburg; in his will, Robert Carter directed that it be called "Carter's Grove" in perpetuity, and this is the name it bears today. The house on the property today was built by Robert Carter's grandson, Carter Burwell, beginning about 1750.

MOORE, AUGUSTINE, (c. 1685-c.1734), of "Chelsea," King William County, a justice and prominent leader. (J.H.P., "The Gorsuch and Lovelace Families," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. 25(1917): pp. 431-44.)

MORATTICO was a farm in Lancaster County presumably located near the creek of the same name in the northwestern end. The farm had eight slaves, thirty-six hogs, 42 cattle, and a horse in the 1733 inventory of Robert Carter's estate which places the farm in Lancaster County. (Miller, Place-Names of the Northern Neck. . . ., pp. 102-103.; and "Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . .")

MOUNTAIN was a farm in Spotsylvania County; in the 1733 inventory of Robert Carter's estate, it had 22 slaves, 7 horses, 73 hogs, and 59 cattle. This may be the farme referred to as "Carter's Mount." ("Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . .")

NANSATICO may be the Nanzatico Indian Path in "Westmoreland County near the King George County line. . . ." (Miller, Place-Names of the Northern Neck. . . ., 19.)

NICHOLSON, FRANCIS (1655-1728), professional soldier and administrator of five colonies; he served rather successfully in Virginia as lieutenant governor, June 1690-March 1692, and was then sent to Maryland. He returned to Virginia to serve a contentious term as governor of the colony from 1698 to 1705. After his recall from Virginia, he served as governor of New York. (Dictionary of American Biography; "Papers Relating to the Administration of Governor Nichols on. . . ." ; and Billings. et al. Colonial Virginia: A History, esp. Chapter 7, "The Era of the Council"; and Kevin R. Hardwick. "Nicholson, Sir Francis (16551728), army officer and colonial governor. . . ." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.)

NOMINI or "Nomini Hall" as it would later be called, was a tract originally containing about 3,500 acres in Westmoreland County "south of Machodoc and Beales Corner near Howard's Fork" on Nomini Creek, which flows into the Potomac River. David Eaton wites, "[William] Manly also gathered in one body the large tract called 'Nomini Hall' and sold the same to the Hon. Robert Carter, March 11, 1712. W[estmoreland] D[eed] B[ook] 2, page 71." Robert Carter built the original house there for his grandson, "Councillor" Robert Carter. (Miller.Place-Names of the Northern Neck. . . ., p. 112; and David W. Eaton. Historical Atlas of Westmoreland County Virginia. [Richmond: Dietz Press, 1942], in an undated reprint. p. 46. )

NORMAN'S FORD was a farm located on an important Rappahannock River (earlier Hedgeman's River) crossing on the old Iroquois trail, later called the Carolina Road. Fairfax Harrison states that it received its name because Isaac Norman patented the land in June 1726, but Robert Carter referred to it by this name four years earlier. It is located where U.S. 29 and U.S. 15 cross the Rappahannock between Culpeper and Fauquier counties. Roger Oxford was the overseer. ("The Old Roads and the Ordinaries," in Harrison, Landmarks of Old Prince William, 441-517, esp. fn. 37 on p. 500.)

ODAR, JOSH was one of Robert Carter's overseers and is mentioned often in the diary.

OFFICE was a farm apparently not too far from "Corotoman" in Lancaster County because Carter mentions in his diary visiting it fairly often. It had seven slaves, twenty-four hogs, and thirty-five cattle in the 1733 inventory of Robert Carter's estate. ("Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . .".)

OLD ORDINARY, was a tract in Westmoreland County; it had 15 slaves, 87 hogs, 57 cattle, 27 sheep, and 6 horses in the 1733 inventory of Robert Carter's estate; James Whaley was then its overseer. ("Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . .".)

PAGE, JUDITH (CARTER) (1695-ca. 1750), Robert Carter's fifth child" and the last by his wife, Judith Armistead, [and] was also named Judith following the first Judith who died in infancy. . . . She was the grandmother of John Page, Governor of Virginia." (Carleton. A Genealogy. . . of Robert Carter. . . . p. 211.)

PAGE, MANN (1691-1730), of "Rosewell," Gloucester County, married in late July or early August 1718 Judith Carter, Robert Carter's fifth child by his wife Judith Armistead. Page attended Eton and Oxford, and was appointed to the Council shortly after returning to Virginia. In 1726 he began the house at "Rosewell" but he did not live to complete it. Mann Page II finished the construction; the house burned in 1916, and it is now a "romantic and noble ruin." ("Council Proceedings." Virginia Magazine. . . .; and O'Neal. Architecture in Virginia. . . . p. 101.)

PARK QUARTER lay in Stafford County. In the 1733 inventory of Robert Carter's estate, James Seben was overseer; it had twenty-four slaves, four horses, thirty-eight hogs, and fifty-four cattle. Carter bequeathed it to his son George and it came to Landon Carter in 1741 after George's death. (Greene. The Diary of Colonel Landon Carter. . . ., p. 5.; and "Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . .")

PEMBERTON, JOHN (d. 1744), merchant of Liverpool, one of Robert Carter's most frequent correspondents; Carter reminded him in a letter April 15, 1730, that they had begun corresponding "near 40 years ago." His was an old mercantile family; a John Pemberton, tailor, was removed from the Common Council of Liverpool in 1662 for failure to take the oath required by a Parliamentary act of that year. This later Pemberton was a devout churchman as his name appears frequently in the vestry books. He is credited with being a leader in the economic revival of Liverpool in the early eighteenth century. (Picton. City of Liverpool. . . . ; Peet. Liverpool Vestry Books. . . . ; and Clemens. "The Rise of Liverpool, 1665-1750.")

PENMOND'S (Peumond's, Pewmond's, etc.) END (plantation) was located in a part of Essex County (as Carter stated in his will), later to be Caroline County, where it appears on the Fry-Jefferson map near Port Royal. In the 1733 inventory of Carter's estate, there were 26 slaves, 50 hogs, and 92 cattle under the direction of overseer Henry Bell. (Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . .")

PERRY, MICAJAH (1641-1721 [Oct. 1]), eminent London merchant deeply involved in the colonial tobacco and other trade. With his brother Richard, and Thomas Lane, he operated the firm of Perry, Lane and Company. Another brother, Peter Perry, was a merchant in York County, Virginia. Micajah Perry frequently represented the interests of Virginia in England, both officially and unofficially, and was often consulted when questions concerning Virginia were discussed by government bodies ranging from the Board of Trade to Parliament. There is some evidence that he had visited Virginia himself; he was widely knowledgeable about its citizens. (Donnan. "18th-Century English Merchants: Micajah Perry"; and Price. Perry of London. . . . )

PERRY, MICAJAH (1695-1753), London merchant, grandson of the eminent Micajah Perry, who becaue active in the firm well before his grandfather's death in 1721. He and his younger brother Philip inherited their grandfather's shares in the business. Perry was elected an alderman of London in 1728, and Carter usually addresses him by that title thereafter. (Price. Perry of London. . . . p. 26 and many others; and William Taylor Purdie. A Lord Mayor's Diary 1906-7 To Which is Added the Official Diary of Micajah Perry Lord Mayor 1738-9. [London: John Murray, 1920.] p. ix.)

PEWMONDS (PEUMONDS, etc.) END, a farm of some 2,000 acres in Caroline County shown on the Fry-Jefferson map. In the 1733 inventory of Carter's estate, Henry Bell was the overseer of 26 slaves, 50 hogs, and 92 cattle. It was bequeathed to John Carter. ("Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . .".)

POPLAR QUARTER was a Stafford County farm, and William Threalkill was the overseer there in the 1733 inventory of Robert Carter's estate, directing fourteen slaves with twenty-five hogs and thirty-one cattle on the farm. ("Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . .".)

PURVIS, JOHN, "of Wapping Parish, of Stepney, Middlesex Co., mariner," and a London merchant, active at the end of the seventeenth century and into the early eighteenth. He was in Virginia so often that he compiled a collection of the colony's laws, A Complete Collection of all the Laws of Virginia now in Force (London: 1684?), often consulted unofficially on both sides of the Atlantic. (Will of William Colston clerk, found in the records of Richmond County in Orders Wills and Inventories,1692-1709, f30v, dated October 27, and probated December 3, 1701, in which it was stated, "to be interred by the body of wife Anne; dau. Susannah 15£ to be paid out of money now in the hands of Capt. John Purvis, merchant, in London"; J.A. Leo Lemay's review of Armory and Hall, A History of the Book in America, Volume One: The Colonial Book in the Atlantic World. and "Virginia Gleanings in England (Continued)" The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. > 11[#3 Jan., 1904]:305.)

RANDOLPH, JOHN (1693-1737), called to the bar in England in 1717. He was appointed clerk of the House of Burgesses after he returned to the colony where he carried on an extensive private practice, acted as Attorney General in 1726-1727, and filled other offices. He returned to England in 1728 as the agent of the colony, and was agent again in 1732. At this time, he became very friendly with Sir Robert Walpole, and won a knighhood for his work for the colony, the only colonial figure to be so rewarded. (Kukla. Speakers and Clerks. . . . pp. 118-123, and "Sir John Randolph" posted by Colonial Williamsburg.)

RED OAK QUARTER was in Prince William County; in the1733 inventory of Robert Carter's estate, John Wilcox was overseer, and there were fourteen slaves, fifty-one hogs, forty-one cattle, and one horse. ("Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . .".)

RICHLAND was a farm located in King George County. In the 1733 inventory of Robert Carter's estate, it had thirteen slaves, one horse named "Mountain," seventy hogs, and fifty-five cattle. Tim Stamps was the overseer here in 1726. ("Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . .")

ROBERTSON, WILLIAM (d. 1739) an attorney, became clerk of the General Assembly on May 13, 1702, and served until shortly before his death. He also served as clerk of the Council. (Kukla, Speakers. . . . pp. 120 and 148.)

ROBINSON, WILLIAM (d. ca. 1721), of Richmond County, a justice and burgess. (Inventory in Torrance, Virginia Wills. . . . )

ROSEGILL is the Wormeley home in Middlesex County; it lies across Rosegill Creek from today's town of Urbana, and is slightly up and across the Rappahannock from "Corotoman." (See the map in Rutman and Rutman, A Place in Time: Middlesex. . . . p. 220.)

SMITH, NICHOLAS, (1666-1734), of Richmond County; he was justice and coroner, and later was on the first slate of justices for King George County when it was formed in 1720; he served as burgess from King George in 1723, 1726, and 1732-'34 as well. (C. W. Coleman. "Genealogy of the Smith Family of Essex County, Virginia," William and Mary Quarterly, 25[2 ser. 1916-17]: 170-83.)

STAGG, CHARLES was a major overseer for Robert Carter. There are many references to him in Robert Carter's diary where he is usually referred to as "Mr."

STROTHER, WILLIAM (ca. 1665-1726), a prominent citizen of King George County where he was a justice, sheriff, and burgess. His home lay two miles below the falls of the Rappahannock River. After his death, his widow sold the place to Augustine Washington. Later called "Ferry Farm," it was the boyhood home of George Washington. Strother directed the work on "Carter's Mount" whose location is not presently known. ("Historical and Genealogical Notes," William and Mary Quarterly. 11 ser. 1892-93]: 23, 143; and George Harrison Sanford King, "Washington's Boyhood Home," William and Mary Quarterly. . , 17[2 ser.1937]: 265-281.)

SWAN, ALEXANDER (d. 1710), of Lancaster County was Robert Carter's brother-in-law through his marriage to Mary (Landon) Jones. sister of Carter's wife.

SWAN, MARY (LANDON) JONES (1670-1722) was born in England where she married John Jones. They, her parents, and some of her siblings emigrated toVirginia around 1694. By the spring of 1700 John Jones had died, and her sister Elizabeth's husband Richard Willis died soon after. Elizabeth married Robert Carter and Mary married again to Captain Alexander Swan of Lancaster County who died in 1710. She and her stepson John quarreled over Alexander's estate, and eventually the quarrel turned into a lawsuit in 1720. Mary lived her last two years with Robert Carter and died in 1722 leaving leaving her son Landon to sue for her portion of the estate. ("Mary Landon Jones Swan Gentlewoman" in Brown and Sorrells. People in Profile. pp. 35-44; "Pinkard Family." William and Mary Quarterly; and "The Landon Family." Virginia Magazine. . . .)

TUCKER, EDWARD (d. 1739), merchant of Weymouth, Dorset, a prominent figure in that town, serving as mayor in 1705, 1716, 1721, 1725, and 1735, and as a member of Parliament. (Sedgwick. The History of Parliament . . . Commons. II, 485-6.)

TURBERVILLE, GEORGE, (d. 1742), of "Hickory Hill" in Cople Parish, Westmoreland County, a justice and burgess. He married Lettice Fitzhugh. ("The Fitzhugh Family," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 7[1899-1900]: 196-199, 317-319, and 425-427; and Norris. Westmoreland County Virginia.)

WAUGH, WILLIAM, an important overseer for Robert Carter until his death in January 1726; he seems to have been in charge of Jackson's mill as well.

WICCOCOMOCO was a farm owned by Robert Carter, probably located in Northumberland County where there is a creek of this name.

WOLF HOUSE was a farm owned by Robert Carter located in Lancaster County relatively close to Corotoman.

WORMELEY, ELIZABETH (1682-1740), daughter of Ralph Wormeley (1650-1701) and Katherine Lunsford; she married, on June 1, 1703, Dr. John Lomax. (Lomax Family Bible.)

WORMELEY, ELIZABETH (ARMISTEAD) was Robert Carter's sister-in-law through his first wife, Judith Armistead, her sister. She married Ralph Wormeley, and was mother of Ralph (ca. 1681-1714) and John (1689-1727) for whom Robert Carter was one of a number of trustees. She married secondly William Churchill (1649/50-1710) of "Bushy Park,Middlesex County. Her daugher Priscilla married Robert Carter II.

WORMELEY, RALPH (1650-1701), member of the Council and Secretary of State of Virginia, who lived at "Rosegill," Middlesex County. He was Robert Carter's brother-in-law, having married Elizabeth Armistead, sister of Judith Armistead, Robert Carter's first wife.

File revised 8/3/2011 to make corrections and to add footnotes and links.