Robert King Carter's Correspondence and Diary

   A Collection Transcribed
        and Digitized
   by Edmund Berkeley, Jr.

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Electronic Text Center , University of Virginia Library



Robert Carter Diary, 1727-1728

     Robert Carter records his suffering with gout, the work being done on his plantations, the prevailing winds and other weather, death and funeral of a friend, visitors he received including members of his family, family weddings and births, the arrival of the new governor and the proclamation of the new king, trips to Williamsburg and the sums he spent while there, arrival of ships with goods and letters from Britain, movement of tobacco and other crops from his outlying farms on his sloops, the loading of tobacco on ships bound for Britain, letters he writes, and frequent trips to his farms and mills.

Robert Carter Diary, 1727-January 1728

-[folio 45 verso] -

[Kept at "Corotoman" on the Rappahannock River, Lancaster County, Virginia]

     Janr 3 [1727] Capt Trevisa gave me my Bills Lading yesterday
I give to Mrs Young a mild Crown to my dr Mary ditto to
To Lucy 1/2 Crown to Geo 1/2 Crown to Carter [Burwell] a Shill to my
Son Cha a guinea to Jno Warner a Pistol to myself
1/2 a guinea
I recd of mrs R Lee 20S for a Marriage Lycens Jno
Waughb & El Keen

8 Writ to D NewCastle, L[or] d Orkney Lehuip
Commissary sent away by Coll Page boy
[1] 0 mrs Atturney Secretary Rob[er] tson mr Fry
sent away by my Son George
[Woo] d ward Arrivd brot me 2 pipes of wine
[my?] Sloop Came out of Britts Employ at Night
[ . . . ] r by Overpays me 340 l Tob in his
                             4 hds

-folio 46 recto -

Janr 13 1726 [1727]
Margery at Indian Town died Marget at hills 2 daies ago
I was at the Mills Bretts mr Bells took Physick catcht Cold
gave a Noat to Capt Wilson for my Wicocomoco Tobo 10 hds
19 Capt Kelsic came here the Miller Connr came here
James Bryan here Let him money 1 pistol & a Noat
see his Accot
20 pd Dr. Edgar for mr Bell the Dr 20S per a Noat on Thomas] C[arter]
Let Dr. Edgar have a Noat for 2 1/2 bushels Wheat on J[ohn] W[alker]
a cold WW Meeks here, Mazareen Arrivd Yesterday
21 my Sloop saild for Petomack W[ind] blow[s] ha[r] d
at northwest 22. & 23
23 Hopkins & mr Rose the Minister [came here]
I gave him a Lettr to St Anns Parish
in Essex County
28 I go from home carry 20£ in gold
4 1/2 Guineas & six pounds nine Shill
my horses gon over mr Stag I leave
here Major Eskridge here mett
him at my Mill Yesterday
lay at mr Burwells same Night the Calash mett
me at Seatons sent [sic ] to Coll Pages
29 Somday [sic ] went to Church dined with Coll Page
30 promised Capt Cobb 20 hhds Freight
went to Town In Dr. Nicholas Chariot dined
with my Daughter
31 Went to Rippon in Dr. Nicolas Chariot
got home at Night dind there again
Feb 1 The Council mett late we prorougd the Ass
embly Went upon the Enquiry of the Murder
of the Suppones had the business of the Tayloes
Seamen undr Consideracon Sent for some
2 Council Mett finisht the affair of the Taylo[es]
men Set at liberty the Mate & the Indians
two Commissions of the Peace Westm[morelan] d Cha[rles] City
altered the Entry of the last Council about Coll
Absence I made a Demand of my Salary
mr Grimes the Council all of th Opinion was
my Right If I would Insist upon It I declining
in regard twould be of very Inconvenient
Consequence if time of Accounting was
3 I went to Merch[an] ts hundred came bac[k at]
Night went to Sullivans had a great [Company?]
18 bottles wine drank

-folio 46 verso -

Febr 3d 1726/7 [1727]

among others Capt Pack Dudley Diggs
came in they were very much in drink
I had some words wth D[igges] he left the room
& the Compa[ny] continued very late My Son staid
wth me &c
4th I signd the Proclamations &c discourst Majr
went to dinnr sent 2 bottles wines to
Capt Peirce Coll Diggs who had both bin with me
interceeding [in] favor of D[udley] D[igges] he had begd my Pard[on]
5. Sunday left the Town got to Colld Pages dind lay
at Carters Creek
6 got home at Night Paid & gave away as follow[s]

  Mrs Syllevans Accot    4/3/5  
  Dr Nicholas Coachman      2/6  
  Mr Holloways do      2/6  
  mr C Tom      5/0  
  Sue Coopr       5/0  
  George Carter       2/  
  C[arter] B[urwell]       1/6  
  Mary & Nick      2/6  
  for mr Conway      [cell empty]   
  To mr Holloway & Randolph      2 guineas  

7 went to Visit mr Wormeley found him dead
& laid out he died abt 11 Clock
8 was at Court Sent away the Proclamations
for prorouging the Assembly to 11 May To the
Sevl Sherifs in the Northern Neck 4 upper Counties
by mr Hornby
9 I gave my Son Charles 2 Moidrs 20 Shill Cash
to Mary 5 Shill To Luch 2/6 also 2 Pistols to Cha
for Mary & Lucy if Occasion they are sett out
for Coll Pages
I left after reading with mr Robertson Duke
of N Castles
Lettr Gov Burnetts Govr Ewerts
Govr Calverts -- Coll Harrison H[arry] Beverleys
being of publiq concern
9 I went to my little Mill Carpenter told me he
should be readie to raise on Wednesday
[1] 0 a hard northwest wind I got my Pinnace finisht
[ . . . ] Son made fires I could not fetch him
[My] Pinnace fetcht Robin over we went to
[Mr. Wor] meley['s] funeral rowed agst a hard W[ind]
[coming] Back Talent taken sick

-folio 47 recto -

Febr 11 1726/7

mr Wormeleys Funeral in this manner
mr Yates rid before the hers that [was] drawn by
his 4 Coach horses led by 4 slaves in mour
ning the Paul bearers rid on horses on each
side the Corps in mourning hatt bands
Scarfs & Gloves relations followed in
Coaches there was at the funeral 5 Coaches
one Calash , Wee had burnt Madera wine
a frosted Cake the Corps was carried into
the Church while the Prayrs were read
then carried to the Intermt no Sermon
twas forbid by the deceased A great
many in Mourning Walkers Churches
I came home that Night thro bitter
weather left Talent behind me very
12 in the Night before fell a deep snow
snowd all Sunday could not go to
Church mr Diggs came here after
Dinnr lay here
13 Woodward came here after Dinnr
they went away my Coach carried
them to Ferry Point
14 very cold Calm freezing close weather
I kild a Veal on Sunday my Nomini
Beef to day [sic ]
16 I signd Jno Bretts Protest I was at little
Mill Robin with me he came home wth
his wife yesterday Keeling went away
17 I signd Antho[ny] Armistead['s] Commission
to be Sheriff of Eliza[beth] Citty [County] in the room
of Joseph Selden decest Brett paid
me no Fee Coll Newton is to pay it
they brot Accot of mr Archers death
warm So[uth] Wind I took Pills yesterday wa[s]
very Sick last Night went to the little Mi[ll]
West Crowdr drew and West Tobacco someth[ing]
Crowdr very backwd found Edga[r . . . ]
Sydr was almost wett in the rain

-folio 47 verso -

Feb 18 1726/7

a fine warm Calm day sent Conway after my
Sloop to get her unladed
19 Capt Woodw[ar] d came here mr Duggs [sic ] brot me
sevl English Lettrs came in Holladay
20 went aboard Woodw[ar] d tasted his wine
dined wth him Stayd till Evening very
sick in the Night prodigious Oppression
upon my Lungs wth Shortness of breathing
could rest in no Posture for above two
hours took Sal Vol[atile] 40 drops went to sleep
after 1 slept till 7 wakt pretty Easie
21 W[ind] at E[ast] cold raw cloudy day Girl Ruth
at Indian Town Continues very bad
27 I carry to Town with me in my Purse
£17/5 -- Spa: Gold 5 1/2 Guinias & £1/3/ --
Spanish Silver & in the Portmantua
£3/2 -- Spa: Silver
I lay at Coll Pages that Night went to Carters
next morning
28 I got to Town abt 2 Clock dind wth my daughtr
Nicholas my Son mr Atturney &c came to see
me at &c
1st March a Council mett abt 2 Clock but be
fore mr G[rymes] Attackd me strongly abt the Na[va] l
Office offerd proposals but did not men
con perticulars only of an Equibalent
by some Place would be soon in his Gift
I told [him] I scornd any such thing
the Council that mett were D[igges] . P[age] . B[everley] . C[arter] .
G[rymes] I let them know our chief business was
to Appoint a N[aval] O[fficer] and I named my Son
R[obin] & hoped there would be no Objections
G[rymes] made some Argumts abt his Living I told him
he livd very convenient & when he did not
twoud be time to make that Objection
all the Council declard their Opinion of
the Qualifications of my Son so he was
appointed a Commission of the peace was
[or] derd for Middlese x 2 Sherifs appointed [Oliver] Seag[e] r
[for] Middlese] x I treated the Council at Dinnr after
[ . . . ] arce B. R. &c came got to bed at 1 Clock

-folio 48 recto -

March 2d 1727
a bitter day of Snow rain & wind R[obin] came
to Town in the Evening
3d R[obin] took the proper Oaths signd Bonds Coll Page
the Sec[retary] his Security a bitter day I paid for the D[i] nn[e] rs
all 3 days
4 Saturday weather pretty moderate I paid awa[y]

  To mrs Syllevan       6/18   
  To mr Rob[er] tson       two guineas  
  To Bowcock for a horse      2/6  
  To Claytons Tom      7/ --   
  To S[ue] Cooper      5/ --   
  To the Barber      2/6  
  To mrs Syllevan Servts       2/6  
  To my boys G[eorge] L[andon] R[obin]       5/ --   

got to Coll Page pas[t] two of Clock dind there gave
to Matt[hew] P& Nurse a Pistol to Jno [Page's] Nurs[e] -- 5S --
lay at Carters Creek
6 got to the ferry by 2 Clock R[obin] joind me
got home within Night
7 went to Urbanna wth my Son dind at mrs
Wormeleys came home in the Night
8 went to Court recd of Coll Tarpley 28S Sterl
his Q[ui] t Rents for 7,000 Acres Land for 2 Years
Visited Coll Ball dangerous bad dind at Court
with Woodward went aboard got home wth
in Night found I[saac] Thomas here
9 Wind Shifted to northwest
14 mr Warner told me upon his Tryal of the rivr
Courses of Allertons Patt[ent] he made 60 Myandrs
from Oyster Creek & then running up the Creek
agst Coll Lees Landing he measured 500 poles
and so took the Thomson back Courses & he
made of Land beside Water 1760 Acres
wch is 160 Acres more then the Patt [en] t
Capt Wilson settled his Accot gave me Bills
mrs Young went with Capt Wilson is not yet returnd
17 Capt Wilson took his leave had my Lettrs
Wm Peirce I send home paid him 4"15S
2 1/2 months Wages & gave him 10S for his goods
I send a Paqt to mr Rob[er] tson by him
17 mr Harrison & his wife came he[re]
18 I went to Nomini sunday w [ . . . ]

-folio 48 verso -

Mar[ch] 19 1727

went to Yeocomoco Church from
thence to Majr Eskridgs
20 went to the Cole Point Quarter & so
to Coll Allertons both Sherifs there a
great many Jury men no Survrs we
parted went home bitter weather
21 went to toskey [sic ] bot Widow Short Cattle
30 head gave her for 22 head 20S aps for
& for 8 Yearlings 4£ in all 26£ left the
money in Meeks hands
I recd of CaptTurberville 4/15S on Accot
of Sorrels Estate & 2/15 for 1 mar[e] 1 Ord[ina] ry
Lycens in his own time recd of Gilb[er] t
Metcalf for Wheat 9£"
dispatcht Capt Fontleroy & Metcalfs
business on Thuraday Swore Tayloes
22 went to Nomini Pursels Whaleys
Murpheys got home in the Night
23 Coll Lee came there Eskridg Belfield
lay there Morrison there
Att head rivr [quarter] 16 Lambs 40 Sheep at Cole Point 7 La[mbs]
41 Sheep at Murpheys 8 Lambs at Old Ord[inary]
7 Lambs at Pursels 8 Lambs
24 went to Dicks Quarter viewd the peoples
bedding 11 Clock I took Coach Calld at Field
staid an hour reacht home at Sunset
25 I was very ill all this day
26 Sunday I was fine & Well Hopkins Woo
d mr Bell dind with me I eat Bass Read
Brown came here bitter weather at night
27 they stopt by the SW very Stormy & rai
ney SE Sunday Night 25 Lane swore to
his Register writ to Robertson by Lanes
Messinger my boat fetcht & carried him ovr
mr Samm came here for a Testimonial
mrs Young came home Wednesday 22th
28 wind at West blows hard cold brown &
Read went over the rivr mr Harrison & I
[w] ent to the brick house in my Chariot
[after] wd all of us went abd Woodw[ar] d
[Win] d the same old Man[ue] l died this morning

-folio 49 recto -

Mar 29 1727
I rise very unwell drew preambles for
the Lands in Moseleys Surveys
30 gave to my Daughtr Harrison a ddloon a pis
& 1/2 a Guinea W[ind] hath blown hard from
W to northwest these 4 daies & Cold I was at my
great Mill wolf house & Buckles yesterd[ay]
Indian Town 23 Sharrers Sabin 11 Coro[toman] 10 1/2
Office 6 Old house 21 Hills 18 1/2 Chang[lins]
[omission in text] Sharers
31 my daughter Harrison went away I gave Bett
a mild half Crown
My Son the Secretary came here brot me
Sevl Lettrs from Hyde Com[missary] L[ewis] Burwell mr
Will a fine day calm
Ap[ri] l 1 a fine hasey morning calm
2 & 3d rainey days went to Bretts wth Coll Page &c
4 mcClean complains agst his OverSeer for
abusing him wthout a Cause tells me
his OverSeer fatned a horse & Mare last
year his Mare a racer and after Sold
them bought 2 more & has fatned
them this Winter has lost two Cows
early A Summr Calf & a Yearling 2[-] 3 yea[r]
not markt a Cow markt when I went to
Nomini 1 Cow & Calf kept fatt of his own
raises abundance Poultrey keep Alic[e]
to tends his wife & abuses her & all the
people has lost 7 old Sheep but 2 Lamb[s]
makes bedsteads & Sells them hath bot
abundance of Goods makes the peopl[e]
saw & Maul the timber that make[s]
his bedsteads makes abundance of Sleo [ . . . ]
& Sells them to Negros for fowles
has six Children has Nel every week to
Wash never works himself makes
Water be brot in Every morning &
fires made him has bot eight Pigs
to fatten what are alive are there now
he tends a Corn Patch a Cotton Patch a
Peas patch his Corn the people tends
his oldst Child a boy 11 years old keeps [ . . . ]
Children at shcool
7 Secr[tar] y went away fryday Capt Bowman arr[ived]
8 Carter Arrivd my Son Landon came [home]
brot my Leres

-folio 49 verso -

Ap[ri]l 6 mr Cha[rles] Smith ministr had my Lettrs
to Cillenburn Parish
7 mr Nairn Product his Testimonials
9 Coll Page & his Family went away I went
to Church recd the Communion
10 Wilcocks Arrivd
14 Burch came home from Capt Woodward he went into
his Imploy the 30 of Jany
D[itt] o I Go to Town & carry with me £30 -- -- Spa: Gold
                             12 Guineas
                             £10= -- Spa: Silver
May 9th I got home wthin Night see my Expen
ces while out in another place
10 my Sloop came out of Keilings Em
ploy the same day I came home my
other Sloop came from the falls
brot 73 hds Tobacco
12 she carried aboard the Carter 75 hds
came home 13 at Night
my son Robin went from home the
Sunday the 7th May my Sloop hath bin Carening
Carters Carp[ente] rs came here 13. 12 Clock
19 hopkins & Woodwd Saild I send away
the Publiq Papers to the Lds of Trade in
Hopkins writ to Ld Orkney sent him
bills for 600 £s sent mr Birchet Bills
for 5£ 4 mediterranean Passes writ
to mr Lehieup Stag came here I paid
him 4 1/2 Pistols for his Assemblys
my Sloop wth Wm Taylor sailed for
Petomak Robt Jones was here
20 Major Eskridgs boy went over the
river with his horse to Town
boy Sawney went away for Nomini
24 Captn Smith paid me my Interest & Qt Rent
May 25 To my Son Charles for him Self and the
rest of my children 6 pistols & 50 Shillings
cash my Children Ch[arles] Land[on] Geo[rge] Mary Lucy &
Carter B[urwell] went over the river for the K&s birthday
Major Eskridg boy returnd Yesterday
[T] his day very Cold N W[ind] blew hard. I went to
Brick house & Indian Store my Son
[Robi] n came home in the Evening

-folio 50 recto -

May 27, 1727
Carters Carpenters went away wth
my Sloop sunday Night 21 May
Capt Dove came from her after he
had got her out of the Creek 22
Captn Dove carried Geo[rge] & Carter on board
brot Them on Shore himself
27 this morning I writ to Stag & the S [ . . . ]
I scolded my Son for his fooling aw[ay]
so much time abroad he told me he w[ould]
not Serve as Nav[a] l officer if he might
not be absent when he pleased I
told him if I was to Continue in
the Adm[inistratio] n I wo[ul] d turn him out for
such Neglect of his Office he pretends
his Child was taken Sick I told him
twas enough to make the Child so
to be so young about from house to
house to house
28 2 Bristol Ships arrivd from Philadelphia
Tho Edwds Booth dind wth me
29 the Masters came to Enter Robin went abord
to measure them raind in the morning
a warm day Cloudy I indorst my Virg[inia] Lettrs this
day kild a Veal a Lamb. had my Neighbors Birthn[igh] t
30 Peter came here brot my Lettrs from Grahan
I was aboard the Carter wth L S
31 Captn Pinkard came here I paid him 7"10S
for 150£ Coco Six Pounds Sterl for Meeks out
of wch he pad me 24S for his Qt Rents for
300 Acres he holds in Lancastr for 1725.1726
& for 200 Acres in Wicocomoco for 1724.5.6
my son Robert lent me the money 13£ Cash
pd to do Pinkard on Accot of mrs Young 2:17.3
Peter went away so did Peter Carpenter to
June 2 Trices Sloop was here Buckeridg Braxton
I pd him 1490£ for the Negros I had of him
Keiling here I setled wth him Capt Stevenson
here took bills Lading Charles came home
Rogers from Bristol arrivd the Larpoolm[en] [sic]
from Ja[mes] rivr Strother came here
3d Jones Bell Turnr Ashton Lettrs Strothr [brought?]
I sent him away till monday

-folio 50 verso -

June 5 1727
Strother I Setled with him abundance Cavil
came to little Setled wth Tho Carter wth Buckle [s]
Tho Edwds went with Dove to Midd[lese] x [court]
had Segers Protest Jnosons bond
Strother brot me Seals Exch I writ to
Turnr Jones Carter
6 Charles went to Miratico writ to Cha
abt his Protest
Sent away my Goods to Brick house
finisht Cleaning my Wheat in Coach
house still house loft Mow my
Clover begun to Clean Wheat in
Cydr house At Indian Town & Chan[glins]
neither Oversr at home Jack att
brick house died yesterday a new [Negro]
dead at falls paid Strother 1-17-6
for Dr Bell
8 was at the little Mill wth Rawson the
Water in the Trench reck[one] d wou[l] d be up to
the bottom of the Trough by Night
9 I prepared for Town writ my Ordrs
writ my List of Tithables writ to
Meeks Denton Christian writ to mr
wth my List.
10 Set out for Town Carry 9 Guineas
43"15" -- Spanish Gold 16£ Spanish
Sylvr 4£ Ster in mild money out
of this taken into my Pockett 4 guin[eas]
5 Pistols pd to mrs Seaton 3 Pistols 1 guinea
reacht Coll Pages that night Sonday went
to Church wth him was Stopt going over the
river by rainy weather mr Hughs dind there
went away in the Night
12 got to Town by 12 Clock dind with Dr
was taken wth a very bad fitt
got it of by some glasses of wine my Son
[c] ame to Town I see him not that Night
[The] Oyer & Terminer [court] heard the Tryal from
[begin] ing to End had no Sermon

-folio 51 recto -

June 1727
14 had a Council laid on the Embarg[o]
heard sevl other Matters the Indians &c
15 had a Council dispatcht the business
by two of Clock dind at Syllevans most of
the Council Stopt till the Evening by rain
16 went to Rippon [Hall] Signd a great many
Pattents till dark & after drank freely Set
up till two of Clock was very much out of
17 Ordr finisht signing the Patt[en] ts [sic] & other publiq
Papers, dind at Syllevans mr Grimes & I
came away in mr Holloways Coach abot
three reacht [Colonel Page's] abt 6 Clock
18 Sunday went to Church heard a very
good Sermon
19 Monday rainy was kept at ColloPage['s] by
rainey Weather in the Afternoon came
Captn Pearse & Mr Robertsons Expresses
I answerd them that Night Sawney went
away wth the formr immediately Adam
had the lattr wth him next morng
20th Coll Page gave me his bills for 224£
H[enry] Willis debt Im to Send him up Willis'
Bond I got to Carters Creek abt 9 Clock stayd
staid till 3 before Sawney returnd wth
Captn Pearse answere
I carried to Town wth me £75"9" --
I brot home with me           27"2" --
I spent gave & paid away   50"0" --
See the perticular Accots   77"2" --
I got home abt Eleven Clock 20th Tuesday
was very un well when I got home continud
21 so next morning drank buckbine drops
& Spaw grow more lightsome abt noon
Sent away Tho Lee Pacqt North[umberlan] d Sherifs
Commission by Edgar notice to or rivr
Ships by Cha Coachman Express wth
a Lettr to Captn Bowman &c
Sent two Expresses by the Maryla[nd]
to mr Randolph mr Robert[son]
with the Maryland Case of wch have Cop [ . . . ]

-folio 51 verso -

June 23th 1727
Sent to mr Grimes 45£ Currt money by
my Son Robert I borrowd of him
Doves Longboat Carried away 12 hd
of my Crop Tobb to go aboard the Welc[ome]
Doctor Acco[un] ted wth me I lent him 25£
by bills on mr Stark writ to Meeks
24 my Sonn pd mr Grimes 10S more
mr Churchill here the 550 bushels
Wheat went 2 daies before he told
me he wod Send me my money
another time
25 Dr Nicholas & my D[aughte] r came here
26 sent 8 hds Tob aboard the Carter
Welcome [omission in text] hds aboard the Carter
came from the falls Ja Reid here
27 Bowman Sailed gave me bills La[ding]
28 Watkinson Saild did my [business] wth him
29 Signd a Mediterranean Pass
for Captn Whiteside the Lucy
recd 25S Sterl
Sent away the Stafford Sheriffs Com
mission by Warnr on the 26 writ to the Governr [of]
Marryland hew & Cry dated 24th
paid Watkinson for my Impst
& Coqt 3£ 1S milld money Sent
my Lettrs away by Watkinson
30 received the Publiq Pacqts from
Robertson dispatcht away im ediately

1 July mr Edwds came here yesterday Settled an
1 Accot with Doctor Nicholas for the
2 Profits of 2 years mr Burwels Estate
1722.1723. blew hard in the Night
calm all day till 1 this day came up a sm[ar] t
wind at S.E. blew easily that way all
the Evening hear abundance Gunns.
Some Articles in the Accot wth Dr Nicholas
[no] t fully adjusted his 3d upon the ball[ance]
[amou] nts to £367-17-0

-folio 52 recto -

July:1st 1727
Paid Mr. Stagg for his trouble at the Ball and
for my son Landon & George 5 Guinias & for
sweet meats 18/
3d was at my little Mill water 2 Inches in the
3d I was at mr Lees he pd me 34S wch [with] a guinea pd be
for[e] pays me for 3 marriage Lycenses
at my coming home found King mr Sheilds
Negro here after the Goalers place on the
death of Sheilds
6 came Desborough Dickson on the same
Errand I gave it to Desborough writ to
Coll Jones mrs Sheil[d] s mr Robertson
8 Desborough had his Commission mr Robtson
Hickman Clayborn his Security
10 went to my little Mill had 16 hands there
Captn Elliot came the 7th I setled an Accot wth
him & Minor
10 at Night boat fetcht over Carters Creek Taylor
very hot weather this day
11 Charles goes to Mill for Indian Meal
he had a Noat for a barrel Corn for him
self or Oats Mowd Yesterday
14 My Daughter Nicholas would have her fifty
pounds I ow her laid out as followeth in
a 2 eard Caudle Cup & Cover to hold 2 qts
to be round plain substantial plate
a Coffee pot plain to hold a qt & a Teapot
to hold a pint all the plate to have
my Coat of Arms she will write to mr
Prat abt it I intend to send to mr Falke ner
for it.
we had a plentiful rain last night my little mill
dam rose 7 Inches I was there this day
Doctor Nicholas came here last Night
15 Doctor Nicholas & wife went away
Captn Denton arrivd 10th 140 Negros
13 my Sloop arrivd from Petomak brot 78 hds Tobacco
from Ja Carter
17 my Sloop carried aboard the Carter [ . . . ]
I had 7 of my new Negros run away
in Nassaws Canoa

-folio 52 verso -

July 17 1727
Coll Scarburgh & Majr Scarburgh here
accot for Govr Dues the formr swore to his
Coll[ecto] rs Accots
18 I send sevl ways after my Negros
mr Bailey & his wife goes ovr the river
I go aboard Captn Denton 4 [o'] Clock Chose
8 men 7 women at 20£ each came ashoar
at 12 in the Night my sloop came
from the Carter in the Night
my little Mill went this day got
half a Barrel Corn
I lent Captn Denton Woodw[ar] ds little Boat
20 Sale of the Negros began sold of 92 Slaves
& 2 Children those that I had came ashoar
the 18th
21 sold off 15 Negros I made a present of
a Girl to my God Son Jno Wormley
21 I was not aboart Jno Conway & Elias
23 came Carolina Paqt past 9 Clock Night
24 Buckeridg here Dispatcht away
the Express for Carolina Signd the W[arran] t
to the Marshall appointed the Court
15 Augst dispatcht away my Business
by Buckeridg writ to the Lds of Trade
sent Scarburghs Lists Signified Coll
death writ to Coll Page went
aboard Negro Ship Sold Capt Ja Ball 2 N[egroes]
sickly maugre lame 31£ Sterl
25 sold 12 Negros & [omission in text] more afterwds
raind all night my runaway 7 [in] no brot home
by some Milfordhaven men I pd them
Six pounds Signd a Warrt recd 30S for 2 W[arran] ts
from [omission in text] a Stafford man
26 this day Rd Haynes came to me
29 the Negros came ashoar this Evening Negr[o]
Ship arrivd
30 Trice Sayled
[3] 1 I sold a Negro man to Ja Murphey 11-10S Ster
[and] 600l Tobb next Crop
[ . . . ] men to Wm Mitchel 4000l Tobo next year
[ . . . ] Judgmt 15"5" Ster 15S Currency

-folio 53 recto -

Augst 1. 1727
Went to mrs Wormeleys had her Coach to [Middlesex County] Court
did my business wth Cockburn mr Grimes Talia
[2 illegible letters] mr Grimes tells me

mr Wormleys[]
Estate cant pay the Int[erest] of B[etty] Burwells mon
ney this year I lay aboard the Carter got home
from mr Grimes by 11 Clock was almst an hour & q[uarte] r
coming over sold a Negro Wom[an] to Jno Rose
sold 5 more Negros this day came home in
the Night
2 sold the broken back Negro to Jno Hud
3 sold two more Negros remains 3
sick Negros to Sell
5 recd an Express from mr Randolph
answered it.
6 Sunday came mr Stags Lettr wth 3 Packets
Harrisons Govr of Carolinas Dr

7 I answered these Lettrs Sent 6 mili
tary Commissions 2 Capts Jno Wall
Embro [sic ] 4 Sulaltern blanks Sent
them by Carters Creek Taylor
my Sloop from the Carter came home
this Evening, drank Nothing this day but
Water eat a little fish in the afternoon
8 rise very much out of Ordr have drunk
Buckbine & drops 3 mornings prodigiou[s] [omission in text]
hot Sultry weath[er] all this month
I send of in my Sloop 11 hds Arranook on
board the Carter 24 ditto on Board Denton
six more of the LBs
10 my Sloop came home brot Coals & Iron
I was at my little Mill she ground 1 1/2 bushels per hour
11 I set out for Williamsburg Carry with me
the following money Spanish Gold       32"10:-
also in my Purse 4 Guineas 15 Guineys
                             7 Pistols
                                    Cash Silvr       7"10"-
                             1 Moydr
reachd Carters that Night lay there
12 went to Coll Pages staid there that Night
13 went to Church dind at Coll Pages w[ent]
into Town in Docto[r] Nich[ola] s Chariot

-folio 53 verso -

Augst 14 1727
Signd a great many Probats & Adm[inistratio] ns
dind at Syllevans drank 4 bottles Madera lb/> in Complemt to Coll Jones & rest of the Comp[any]
was very sick
15 Court Cald about 2 Clock heard Kenyon
Adjournd dind at mrs Syllevans
a publiq [sic] Dinnr Sat this day 5 hours
16 went thro the Evidence sat 8 hours
dind at a publiq Dinnr
Prisonrs made their Defence all
Withdrew Courd [sic ] Adjudged V[idal] EA [sic ] guilty
of Pyracy Sentence of death pronounct
abt 2 Clock went to Dinnr thence to Court
Satt till 10 at Night mr R[obertso] n brot home
18 finisht the Probts &c Signd Sevl Patt [en] ts
went to Rippon
19 paid of my debts &c to mrs Syllevan 10"

  To Sue Cooper     7"6  
  To Tom & Negro Girl     3"6  
  To the Barbar      5"-  
  To Mary     1"3  
  To Coachmen & Boats     10" --   
  To Carter Burwell      2"6  
  To Georg[e]      5"-  

Signd the Warrt for Execution writ a
Lettr to Sir Rd Eve[rar] d writ to the 2 Min[iste] rs
abt the Prisonrs came out of Town at 2 [o']
Clock reacht Coll Page a little after 4
dind there lay at Carters Creek setled
my business wth Kemp
20 came away abt 9 Clock reacht Machens
abt 6 got home before dark went to Pn
21.22.23 Spent in preparing my bu
Siness for the Carter & John & Betty
24 they Sailed out of Rapp[ahannock] I gave to Dove gamon
Gees 3 hogs 4 barls Corn a Cask Cydr
to Denton Gamon Geese a doz bottles of
wine [omission in text] barrels of Wine Corn hogs
I recd of Dove 6£ for Pork
[Received of] Lee for 2 M[arriage] Lycens 2£

-folio 54 recto -

22d Tuesday [August] 1727
was taken wth a Lameness in my right Ancle
drank pretty freely of Lemd Cydr Wine had a ve
ry uneasie Night dismal dreams black urine
lay awake 3 hours slept long in the morning
wakt very unwell
23 very lame when I rise workt hard this
day got my business done the Publiq Pacqt came
from W[illiam] R[obertson] gott my [letters] Seald up & delivd to Dove
& Denton by 11 at Night went to bed very
unwell my lameness continued this day
24 Dove came ashore for 6 [illegible abbreviation] weight of Pork
went aboard abt 10 weight Dove fired 11 Guns
D[enton] 5 they were out of Sight half an hour
after 2 Coll Page L[ette] rs put abord the Carter this
day my Lameness increast Ankle Sweld
I began to Expect the Gout sat up till 11 wth
Majr Eskridg slept till 1 wakt in a great
deal of Pain had my Ankle wrapt in Flan
nen read at 3 went to bed slept till near
7 in a great deal of Pain could hardly Stirr
25 took to my Crutch Continue very much in
Pain & very Lame D[ick] Lee went away
Yesterday GE this morning he had a loaf
of Sugr had a power of Atturney agst R
Gooch Patt[ent] 1050 Acres Ordrs of Court
have taken Buckbine Tea & Drops every morn
this week have had 3 or 4 loose Stools every day
29 [omission in text] hds Sheld Corn came in my Sloop from In
dian Creek
I eat for my Dinnr bread boild in wine
& Water Peas Mush drank Water with a little
wine went to Bed after 10 had a very uneasie
Night broken Sleep Catchings Twitchings a Pane
in my right Arm from thence it removd
to the left Side of my neck towds the backbone
had a little touch of Shivering abt Midnight
26 got up earlie drank Buckbine & Elixr Hypo [ . . . ]
continue very lame rather worse can hard[ly]
step forwd with a Crutch & Cane Pain [ . . . ]
of left side my Neck Continues

-folio 54 verso -

Augst 26 Continue all the fore part of this day very
lame & full of pain wch is now rise above
my Ankles is very pungent for my Break[fas] t
almost eat yolks of 2 Eggs my Usual Quart
of Coffee & bread & Buttr my Sloop at [las] t
got upon blocks my other Sloop with D Haines
goes to the falls for a load of Stones Burk went
away wth a Lettr to R[obert] Jones had a Mare of
mine to Come down upon he carried away
Strothers Bills of Exch eat for my Dinr
mush & Buttr had a bettr Night Dran[k]
nothing but Water dispatcht away
Samford Sleep very broken this Night
got a Blanket to put my lame foot in
27 very lame drank my Tea & drops
for my breakfast had thin homini
& Coffee for my Dinnr some thin hom[iny]
2 poacht Eggs drank nothing but
Water went to bed very lame W[ind]
Changd to northwest in the Night put flannel
abt my knee Pain in my Neck gon
slept pretty much but very broken
28 my foot much swe[lled] my knee sweld
every night for the [ . . . ] Nights short
ness of breath very great Oppressions
drank my Tea & drops [ . . . ] drank thin
hominy & Coffee Coll Masons & Mercers
Lettrs came mrs Young sent me a Noat
she would leave the house this day
I had her Charles Robin before me
Examined into sevl Stories found mrs
Young had misrepresented sevl things
writ answers to Mason & Mercer
writ R[obert] Jones abot Mercer Land for my
Dinnr eat thin hominy 2 poacht Eggs
drank nothing but Water & hisson her
[M] y Lameness went to bed after ten could
[not s] leep sevl times read went to
[very re] stles[s] horribly Opprest with Wind

-folio 55 recto -

Aug 28 1727
my Sleep very broken & very short wind
ed slept very broken till six [o'] Clock
29 a cool morning rise very uneasie my
Pain in my Ankle not great I walk better
my foot Continues sweld as much or more
then Yesterd[ay] my knee a little Sweld I drank
my Tea & drops mightily Opprest with
with wind in my Stomach eat 2 Eggs drank
Coffee mr Bell came here Fallin Setled an
Accot with me Coll Page my daughtr & Child
mrs Abram Nicholas came here I eat Mush
Apple pye drank a Glass of Cydr some
wine & water a little wine afterwd at
Night drank twice Small bear went to
bed at 10 Slept till 12 was very uneasie
Sat up till two sleep by fitts till past
30th seven rise wth the headach drank
buckbine & drops was shavd shifted
my headach continues my foot &
knee stild [sic ] sweld shootings in my Toe
Ordd a Veil this morning from Indian [Town]
Went in my Chariot to little Mill walkt abt for
an hour Coll Page with me rid thither came
home to Dinnr he the in the [sic ] Coach urgd me
mightily to have my Picture drawn I denyd
it as strongly, Eat for my Dinnr Mush
Pudding a Slice of Veil some with my watr
drank nothing but water afterwds went
to bed at 10 slept till 12 Sett up till aftr
2 from 3 to 8 slept drank no Buckbine
31 this morning Eat my wonted breakfast
very warm my foot still sweld & redder
then yesterday redness in my Instep I walk
better but in more pain I walkt all about
the Swamp & to the boathouse Ordd a S[hee] p
to be kild this morning from old hou[se]

-folio 55 verso -

Augst 31 1727
for my Dinr I eat Veil boild & rosted Eat
some Cabbage also some Apples & Rosewatr
drank wine & water a Glass of Cydr at night
was very sick Cabbage rise in my Stomh
went to bed an hour after 9. wakt a[t] 12
read took And[erso] n Pills at 2 went to bed
slept till 7 wakt wth head Ach my Sw
elling in my foot abated continues red
& something sweld walk bettr had a Stool before
8 recd mr Pemberton & Company Lettrs abot
Captn Hedges in the Leopard a Negro Ship
the Lettrs 11 Febr sent from Barbadoes
Sept 1 yesterday sent 6 bushels Wheat to
my great Mill the day before 6 busls
to my little Mill mr Jones came here
last Night Stag came here abt 11 I sat to the
Paintr my Six hds Tob came home from
Tolesky I dind on much Eat Cheese drank
Water with a little wine in it drank 2
draughts of Water before I went to bed
at 10 kept me waking till 12 Stag &
D Lee went to bed slept till past 6
Sepr 2 my head Achs my swelling some
thing abated slept till put on my leathr
Slipper & a silk Stocking walk bettr
a fair Calm moderate morning my boat
went over to Smoaks brot over Sam Wood with
Pacqts for the Kings Service a Petition for a
Reprieve for Vidal wch I conceded to &
reprevd him to the sixth of Octor fresh Smoaks
made my boat went over again staid
till sundown brot the Secr & his wife I eat
this day no meat sat till 11 some of the Compa
till 12 some till 2 Edgar very drunk
Sepr 3 Sunday Stagg & Wood went away
warm day very hot at Church Eat rost
[ . . . ]d mutton for dinr drank 2 Glasses Sydr

-folio 56 recto -

Sepr 3 1727
was very unwell in the Evening had some loose
stools took to my Chambr was not in Company went
to bed at 10 slept but fits till six rise very much
out of Ordr my Ancle not much sweld drank
water wch refresht me Wind in the after
noon yesterday at NE a threatning Sky
4 W[ind] at E promises a warm fair day My
Sawyers begin upon getting Sheathing Plank
for my Sloop. mr. Randolph & Capt Willis came
here I put my leather Stocking on my lame
foot my swelling in my Ancle remains
I walk pretty well a continual pain in that
foot I drank hock this day before dinnr Eat
hominy drank cydr eat a little mutton a few
mouthfulls of Chicken Pye was out of Ordr
at Night draught of Water relievd me
went to bed at 10 could not sleep till after 2
slept till 7 2 bags meal came from gre[at] Mill
5 a hot foggy morning rise at past 7 no
t well headach mr. R[andolph] .W[illis] . Secr Robin went to
Middx Court I writ to Coll Pressly Meeks sent
Bunting & Luke to Nomini at night came Rob
news of the Kings death & the Prince pro
claimd at Barbadoes went to bed at 11 slept
well till past 5 abundance [word omitted] in the Night
6 a hot morning writ to Major Escridge Thomas
Tubervile Capt Ven of the Cranfield cleard
out writ to Lehieup Robtson my Sons came
home very lame this day Eat at Dinr hom[iny]
broth drank Hock sevl Glasses was very
sick & restless in the Night Christians Mate
brot me a Lettr from York where the Rose
Arrivd the 24 [th of August]
7 I answerd Christians Lettr a very hot calm
day drank Buckbine & drops Eat for my dinr
Chicken drank wine & Water was very sick in the
Night slept till 5 drank Buckbine & drops
8 went to my little Mill abot 1/2 an hour after 11
came mr. Rtsons mr Randolphs Express[e] s
I answerd Govr Arrivd on the 7th [of September] in 7 weeks [passage]

-folio 56 verso -

Sepr 8 1727
I go to Town to meet the Govr Carry the
gold [that] was in the bag I carried before none
of it taken out als[o] 4 guineas 4£ spanish
Gold 20S Sylvr in my Purse in the Bagg
Sylvr 4£"5S
9 I got to Town at Night Let the Govr know I was come
10 Waited on him went to Church & dined wth
him sat till Sunsett very civilly entertaind
11 Govr Commission opend in the Genl Court from
thence went into Council Govr & Council took
the Oaths as usual mr Randolph as Clerk &
Atturney Genl proclamations for Continu[in] g
all Offices Commissarys Commn read Ordd
to be recorded in Secrs Office Ordrs to proclaim
the King &[c] thro the Countrie Then we went
& proclamd the King at the Capitol in the
Market place on the Colledg green Pack the
herald on horseback Govr & myself in
first Coach the Guns fired 3 times invited
to dinr at the Pallace after drank all the
roial healths Guns fired at every health
3 Tables Rack Punch at each Table Gov dran[k]
all the healths at the Table we took or leaves
at 12 Clock
12 met in Council Addrest the King on
his Accession Vidal Pardond I left the
Papers relating to him to the Clerk The
Govr dined wth me a very handsom dinr
we had Govr went at Sunsett a great bowl
Rack Punch
13 came out of Town wth Coll Page mr Grimes
my Son Robt when I was out spent the foll[owing]

  money      To Coll Pages people     -5S  
  To Coaches     To Sue Coopr      0"5" --   
  5S      To Barber     0"5"-   
  mrs Syllevans      To Claytons Tom &c     0"3"6  
  Accot      To Mary Aga      0"2"6  
  6"16" 9      To Hacker his Accot       6"16" 4"3"5   
   [ . . . ] " 4"11      To mr Randolph do     18" -- " --   
   [ . . . ] 1"8     To my boys     0"6"6 --   
  [cell empty]      23"4"11     [cell empty]   

-folio 57 recto -

Sepr 13 lay at Coll Pages the two Willis Stagg there
14 came away at 11 reacht mrs Wormeleys by 4
dined went to Cockburns Staid at mrs Wormeleys
till 9 my boat met me got home by 1 [o'] Clock
15 went aboard Christian saw the Negroes did not
like them at all Agreed if the Master would come
to certain Terms would undertake the Sale
16 agreed wth Christian on Preliminarys my
boat went for my two Sons let mr Thomas Saror
have 4 Pistols
17 went to Church a veil kild
18 begun the Sale of the Negros sold 28 this day
19 fine weather my Son Rt went away to be at the
Survey yesterday writ by him to Major Escridg
a long Lettr by Whaley to Meeks
got aboard at 12 sold ten Negros this day came home
a little before dark the Secr mr Nicholas went
away after 8 Clock
20 a fine Warm day went aboard the Negro
ship abt 1 [o'] Clock sold 4 Negros Govr Calverts
Packet brot me by Sam Eskridg[e] of 22th Augst
21 continues very warm I had a very uneasie
Night slept from 4 to past 7 got abord the
Negro Ship abt 1 [o'] Clock sold nine Negros
eat a leg & wing of a Chicken drank 6
Glasses of wine slept broken but easie
22 prepare for my Sloops going to the
falls got aboard the Negro Ship at 2
sold 13 Slaves eat of a pigeon Pye drank
3 Glasses of wine was uneasie at night
drank sevl times water slept from 10
to 5
23 a fine Calm warm morning put my
Negros abord my Sloop 16 in Numbr 9 men 7 women
they saild a N W [ind] came down this Evening very
cold I sold ten Negros this day
24 Sunday wind blew hard at northwest all day
& in the night Cold
25 cool morning wind came to SW in the
afternoon sold 7 Negros this day Sent [ . . . ]
my Sawyers dispatcht George Cook [ . . . ]

-folio 57 verso -

Sepr 26 1727
a fine warm morning calm I writ to Meek[s]
by his Son my looseness was violent Yesterday
& in the Night I had a Shivering after a
Nap of Sleep in the Couch it went of wth
some Stools I slept till 12 rise was up
an hour slept till Sunrise my boat
went over the river brot Sam Wood wth
the Govrs Express for the Govr of Maryland
I dispatcht away by Rd Meeks & answd
the Govrs Lettr & then go away to the Negro
Ship sold nine Negros got home in the Night
Ja Reid Cockburn Nicholson here
27 writ to Pemberton Stark took bills Lad[ing]
got aboard Negro Ship at 2 Clock sold 5 N[egroes]
was kept by bad Weather all Night abod
28 Sold two Negro saw the Negros at
Pines got home by 2 Clock a bristol man
came in from Barbadoes 27 days pass[age]
[carrying] rum Sugr Molasses W[ind] hard at SW
very uneasie in the Night abd Ship.
29 got abord at 11 Clock sold Seven Negros for
30 recd of mrs. Keeble 15£ 7Spart of an Ord
Mate of the Rose had 210 lb pickled Pork
a barrl Tarr. pd Conway his ball[an] ce
pd him 16 S for W Bunting 6S for H[arry] Quary
brot ashore 4 Washington Tubs 2 Canns
1 small Tubb sold 1 Negro
pd to Alice Keys for Quarry 500 lb Tobo
at 12S per Ct.
Octor 1 Sunday went to Church Robin & Landon
came home at Night
2 writ to Town & to Camp by mr Bell went
aboard the Rose abt 12 Clock sold two Neg[ro] es
a Season went to Indian Town & Changlins
3d a Clear morning W[ind] at SW warm went
[to a] ll my home Qrs the first time I rid a hors
[since] I had the Gout W[ind] at SW Ship Rose got into
[the Cree] k Moon Changd.

-folio 58 recto -

Octor 3d 1727
went to the Negros no buyrs came
4 was at The Court house no buyers had bin
there W[ind] at SW Morgan came here had away
his Negros carried away Cloths for his P[e] opl[e]
W[ind] at Norwt 5th a fine morning this day a
Genl Mustr Capt Carter had 6 gall of Virg
Brandy 12 lb Sugr for the lower Parish
mr Joseph Carter had 6 gall Virg brandy
& 12 lb Sugr for the upper Parish Militia
mr James Carter came here went abt his Accot
sold him & Edwd Ponton 2 Negros take
the Tobb in Stafford
6 a Cool morning Calm W[ind] at northwest
6 I went to little Mill & to B[rick] house Capt
Carter there dealing with Ja Carter there
W Edwds not at home I ordd Manl to Bluf
Point I ordd the boy to go to handing Tobo
7 staid at home all day
8 Sunday went out of Church had a large
loos Stool rid home Robins horse in the
Evening walkt to Indian Town had an[othe]r
large loose Stool slept 6 hours this Night
9 ris at Sun rise Coll Ball came here I was
taken wth a violent Cholic pain in my left
side lasted me 3 hour in great Extremity
took a Clyster every time it workt my pain
abated I dischargd a vast deal of Wind
I grow quite Easie in the afternoon walkt
out remaind perfectly easie & brisk till
10 Clock my pain returnd in my side
I took 3 of Andeson Pills at 12 Clock took
a Clyster it workt very well I voided abunda
of wind however continued in a rack of pai[n]
for 9 hours could be easie in no posture did
not sleep above a qr of an hour this whole nig[ht]
did nothing but walk & roar Meeks was here
from 8 I slept till 11 wakt very uneasie n[ot]
hing could I eat but a little Panady & [ . . . ]
in the afternoon I took anothe[r] Clyst

-folio 58 verso -

Octor 9 1727
my Clyster & pills wrought many times
expeld a great deal of wind had no Ease
[Dr.] Edgar gave [me] 30 drops of Landa in plague
had sevl stools after with wind but
no ease Slept from 10 to 1 my pain got to
the middle of my bowells my side eeasie [sic ]
took another doz of Laud & the Water I slept
from past 11 to past 9 on the 11 day wakt
very dizy removd my Pain to my side
with hot brick abt 11 eat some Gruell my
drink since I was taken hath bin nothing
but now & then 2 or 3 spoonfulls of Water
abt 12 T Edwd the Do[c] t[o] r my two Sons went
to the Proclaiming the King carried
with thm 6 gall rum Sugr 12 bottles Mad[eira]
I have slept sevl Naps this afternoon
have bin shavd my pain in my side
continues but more moderate
I slept again Coll Grimes T Edwds Kemp
lay here had an uneasie very broken
12 Sleep took Edgars drops Eat Gruell writ
to the Govr Secretary Gentn went to Court
my Son Rt also had continl pain took a Clystr
expeld a great deal of Ease [sic ] went to bed at 10
wakt at 12 a great deal of pain Kemp lay
here a very Uneasie Night
13 sloop came from the from the [sic ] falls brot ten
hds Corn from Potobago 28 bushels Wheats [sic ]
from Burwells a blowing W[est] cold wind mr Kem[p]
staid here a very uneasie day went to the
Vestry Dr Bell here Writ to Jones by Dr
a very bad night I had short broken Naps
14 W[ind] hard at northwest Kempt my Son & his wife
went away to mr Churchills my [boat?] got home at
Sunsett continued Pain this day to[ok] a Clystr
wrought very well had a great deal of Ease
[ . . . l] ay here the ingredients of the Clyster were
[ . .. F] owlers Rec[eip] t Carminative

-folio 59 recto -

Octor 14 1727
went to bed at 11 slept till 12 wakt in a great deal
of pain set up till past 3 got to sleep with a hot brick
slept till 5 wakt in great pain past 7 got to sleep
15 till 9 shavd went to Church very ill there before
dinr took 2 drops Oyl Amber in a Chery dram eat
a wing & leg of a small Chicken drank 1/2 a glass
of Cydr very uneasie had 3 or 4 Stools had a great
deal of ease till going to bed abt 10 slept till 2
set up till 4 slept till 7 with the he[l] p of a hot brick
16 rise wth a pain in my Loyns wch Continues &
returns to my Si[d] e a Cold morning mr Eskrid[ge]
Tho Carter lay here I gave T Carter Ordrs for
receiving Dentons & Christians Tobbo after
noon I was taken wth a fainting uneasie fitt I
took a drop of Ole Ani wch releavd me I had a
Stool Eat Gruel & some Pancake for my Dinr
was easie till 10 Clock went to bed slept till 12
slept till day light rise with a pain in
my side & headach Major Eskridge went
over the river eat Mush today
17 a Cool morning W[ind] at northwest gave Harvey 1/2
Vial Ink went to the hills in my Calash
17 To my Son Charles 5 pistoles for his pocket
18 a Cold morn calm my Son Charles goes ovr
the rivr for Town Red Hayns with him
lent Hains ten Shillings
Mem[orandu] ms Concerning my Coles Point Land
from the point the Jury began at the 2d
time to Mecholig rivr side last Cours
went into the rivr 40 po[les] from this place
to that beginning 528 poles this Survay
Contains Contains [sic ] 90 Acres Allertons
Courses to the Cedar & head of Oyster Creek
where they came at the End of 512 po[les] on last Course
takes from Goochs Patt [en] t 49 Acres from
the Cedar At the mouth of Oyster Creek
to the sd beginning 362 po[les]
If Allerton holds to the Oyster Creek
he will have 1842 Acres if he holds t[o]
where Gooches line intersects him h[e]
will have 1793 Acres
Goochs Patt[ent] if he is Confind to Oyster Cr[eek he]
will have 852 Acres.

-folio 59 verso -

Octor 18 1727
I was at my great Mill found the Miller
not at home the woman grinding very well
4 bushels an hour no Corn in the Mill was
all in the hopper
I was at Conners he had 8 hhds of sheld Corn
19 I went to little Mill had Denis met me
he had fild six hds Tobbo my Dirt Cart brok[e]
while I was there
I put up for Town the foll money vizt
In a paper paid by Ja Carter 32 pistols
also in mild money 30S 12 1/2 guineas
in a purs 1 guinea 12 moydrs
1 moydr
20S mild 2 cut ps Gold
3 S spanish 3 pistols
Novr 7 I came out of Town lay at Coll Pages
went to Carters Creek next morning gave
ordrs to Tully to saw me stuff for a Coachhous
8 came to mrs Wormeleys wth Daughters [sic ]
Harrison lay there
9 came to Machens in mrs Wormeleys
in mrs Wormleys [sic ] Chariot got home the [omission in text]
a boysterous N W[ind]
Gave away while abroad & spent & pd away

   To Su[e] Coopr 1 moydr       1"14" 6  
  To Claytons Negro Girl      5"10  
  To Claytons Tom      0" 8" 4  
  to R [ . . . ] Coachman      0" 5"10  
  To Son Geo       0" 5"10  
  To Carter Burwell       0" 3" 6"  
  To the Barber 1/2 Pistol      0"10" 9  
  To mr Archer       1" 9" 1 1/2  
  To Col Pages boat      0" 6" 3"  
  To mr Pages Coachman      0" 5"10  
  To mrs Wormeley Coac [hman]       0" 2" 6"  
  To Coll Pages Servts      0"12" 6"  
  To mrs Wormeleys Serts      0" 7" 6"  
  To Govrs Servts 2 pistols      2" 3"-  
  To mr Francis 2 pistols       2" 3"-  
  [To] mr Hickman 5 pist[ols]       5" 7" 6   
  [cell empty]      16"17 3  

-folio 60 recto -

Novr 9 1727
Continued from tother side 16"17" 3

  To Jno Whitehead     10" -- " --   
  To mr Robertson Sterl     23" 4" --   
  [cell empty]      20 -- 0 -- 0  
  To mr Robtson Kinsma [sic ] a guinea      1" 6"  
  To Lewis Davis     0" 5"10  
  To Mat Page Nurs      0" 5"10  
  To J Wormley       0" 1" 2  
  [cell empty]       52"00" 1  
  mrs Sullivans Accot besides & her Servts     [cell empty]   

found at home J Thomas F Awbrey sold
to Awbrey 3 Negros 1 m[an] 1 wo[man] 1 boy 54:00 --
Let him have for them Shoos Stockins
Shirts Enterd for Land in the thoro fairs on the
Blew Ridg Mountain.
11 writ to Coll Mason 12 was at Church
very well
13 sevl Stafford men came to Enter Land
Sawny I writ to Meeks by also to Major Eskrid[ge]
14 a fine day calm white frost my sloops fals keel
going on 2 beevs to be kild from the Hills
I sent Geo abt a house for the great Mill
15 mr harrison came here in Mechans boat
an Irish Ship Arrivd wth Servts the sloop got
16 Son Cha began his Journey to the falls
my sloop got home from the falls brot 6 beevs
Two Tubs buttr 8 hds Corn from Pewmds Inn
[omission in text] hoghd of Wheat 3 of them from do
Isaac Caswell came here sent mr Thomas
14 Warrts Sloop bro Tallow old Iron
2 Tubs buttr
17 rainey giving weather all day got up the
Corn some of the Wheat sent Coll Lee 2 war[ran] ts
Caswell went away sent 7 Warrts to Brett
3 to other men writ to Coll Lee
my Son Cha had 5 Pistols 20 Shill Cash
18 continues foggy W[ind] E very warm Barmu
das sloop Arrivd yesterday sent to mrs Worm
ley 20 lb Chocolate Nutts
yesterday H Bell came here signd Conditions with him
writ by him to Capt Waring high Sherif Beverley
Clerk sent a Suit Cloths cap Shoos Stockins to a Ne
gro by him 1 lb thred my D[aughte] r Harrison hath cut
out out [sic ] a ps holl[an] d between Mary Lucy & my
self abt 30 Ells cost 4/8 per Ell
19 went to Church mr Harrison & his wife & rest of my
Children mr Smith came home wth us
20 a warm morning W[ind] at So Capt Christian [ . . . ]
Tho Bell cleard out Wilson Cary Ows [ . . . ]
for the Presid[en] ts [of the Council] Dues he dos not Accot fo[r]

-folio 60 verso -

Novr 20th 1727
Old Toney died at Night weather Chan[ing]
21 Capt Christians Longboat went for my
Wine to Coll Armisteads W[ind] blew fresh
at N W very cold Landon had Loyds Mor
gage to Perry to Copy My Daughter Harri[so] n
Delivd out the following Table Linnen & Sheets
see Harvey['s] book Capt of the servts Ship Cockburn a Dr
came here lay here 4 boats gang
22 a frost W[ind] N Cold begin to role Tobbo for Xtian
30 hhds goes from my own house
23 I go over the rivr to mr Grymes wth Major
Harrison & his wife from thence on board
the Servt Ship I gave mrs harrison 4 Pistols
for herself 1 pistol for Betty came home
in the Night
24 got my Sloop out of the Creek
25 Dispatcht the Sloop away writ to
Meeks major Eskridg gave a gallon brandy
to McGram a runles Cydr a rainey
day Toney had a Scotch Coverlet the Sloop
had a new Cable & a new Ancor & a great
deal new rope W[ind] at So.E Sloop Anchord
in middle of the rivr W[ind] came Westerly Sloop
went down the river
mr Stuart came here bot 3 Servts a Taylor
Patrick Conner a Gardinr [omission in text] a Sems
tris Doroth Stevenson a Cook wench left
here on Tryal Stagg here drank too much wine
26 my head Acht very much out of Ordr
a fair calm day little wind Easterly mr. Edwds here
27 a fine day fresh Gale at East Cha Brent came
here Setled the Accot for K[ing] G[eorge] Q[ui] t rents
28 rainey morning W[ind] So[uth] blew fresh Cha
Brent went away gave to Enoch Innis
two Moydrs also a Warrt for 1000 Acres
for Coll Beverley both direct[ed] to Jno Warnr
Write by Brent to Washington Carter
[Tur] bervile Beckwith Belfield Cooper
[here] fine day went to my great Mill
[Thomas?] Edwds came here Rawson at work
[ . . . ] the Stone, beat Fra & Neal

-folio 61 recto -

Decr 1st 1727
Capt Keiling & Brook came here went
away in the evening W[ind] blew hard a little
after a very Stormy night
2 a deep snow very cold wind W[est] some
Stafford men came for Warrts lost at
Old house 3 Steers 1 Cow died suddenly
mr Edwds kept here by the weather
4 very cold my Son rid out was unwell at Night
Tho Welch came here
Tuesday 5 I was with the woodcuttrs
6 kild my hogs these 3 daies at home
Indian Town Old house my Son Robt
Went to Crowdrs found out a great
deal of Rougery in fals packing his
Tobo & keeping a Stock of hogs &c I was
at the woodcuttrs had Carted down a
106 Load to the water side my Son
Charles came home brot a great many
Lettrs I sent Tho Welch to Nomini
7 my son Robt & mr Edwds went abord the
Ships in Peanketank the Two Jones
came here
Monday last I sent W Edwds to Turn the
Miller white out of the great Mill
mr Stuart sent ashore the Miller
8 mr Grimes came here Tho Berry
gave him my Power took his bond
a Cow died suddenly my son Robt sent
home 3 Servts a Cooper a Joiner a brick
layer this a good Day little wind the bris
tol Snow Capt Snow cleard out
9 a white frost calm morning 4 first
days this week very cold hard N W[ind] s
my Son Robt sent ashore a loaf Sugr hhd
strong beer cask pickles sevl more Cows
taken sick came from Indian Town
Xtians Mate fetcht a hd Tobo from henc[e]
Cha Coachman had a blanket last Nigh[t]
had 16 flatt Loads of wood at the Sl[oop]
Landing 4 flats more of Wood brot th [ere]

-folio 61 verso -

Decr 11 1727
Birch &c Trimd Doves Flatts a cold day
Morgan came here
12 the Rose had all her Tob by her side
sent Cha Coachman for Govrs Lettrs
13 went to Court promist Keeling 60
hds Tobo. T Edwd came home with me
let him have 100 30 [pound] Nailes
16 agreed with Sevl Overseers this week
Rd Meeks Rt Jones morgan had a beef
from T Wests fryday Cha brot Govrs Les
very cold weather all this week a Snow
17 Sonday Xtian came out of Corotom[an] [Creek]
18 continues very Cold Sealed up most
of my Lettrs
19 Tuesday my boat fetcht over Hick
mans man
wth Secrs Lettr carried him
back immediately Xtian took his leav
I gave him 2 barrls Corn 3 fatt hogs
1 1/2 doz best wine I gave Jno McGrange
6 gall brandy 12 lb Sugr for going to Petomak
in my Sloop he Arrivd into my Creek
Thursday 14 brot 10 hds Corn 1 hd beans
1 hd Apples 3 Cask[s] Sydr 3 Tubs buttr
3 bottle[s] Mustard Seed 26 hds my own
Tobbo 6 hds Major Eskridg 25 hds
Negro Tobo. Wednesday
20 we have had bitter weathr all this
week Creeks froze up my boat found it
difficult to get into Machins Creek
my flatts in all have brot home 56
Loads of Wood Crowdrs hogs kild yest
erday T Wests tooday [sic ] Changlins hogs
sent for fals Smoaks this day cald
my boat ovr to no purpose Sent to
Capt Belfield Richmd Farnham rent rol[l]
[La] ndon begins to writ e my brittish
[le] ttrs into a book Jno brot me 2 Expresses
[pre] pare 12 bushels wheat for to go to Mill
[ . . . ] Wheats begins

-folio 62 recto -

Xbr 1727
21 Geo & Carter came home Peter came home
Machin had 4 gall brandy 12 lb Sugr
Capt Turbervile here he paid 2 -- 15S
last of the money due for Lycenses
22 Expresses sent to Nor[thumberlan] d Lancas[te] r Sherifs
paid Machin 2 Arabians 21/8 for his Troubles abt Expresses
mr Rd Lee here fine Calm weather
Christian still in the mouth of Rivr
a Ship went by the house my boat car
ried Over writ to Coll Page Camp Major
Eskridg by his boy
23 a fine calm morning Christian in the
mouth of the rivr A Scoe came in a Bristol
man came brot me a Lettr from Bevan the
m[aste] rs name [sic ] a mighty fog
24 a fine day went to Church wind at SW
Christian still in Sight writ for Burgs
25 a Calm day W[ind] SW Christian not gon
went to Church with my family a pretty
larg family Congregation Xmas Sermon
read Xtian not gon
26 a fine calm cool morn W[ind] W was very
much out of Ordr this morn[ing] slept from
1 to Sunrise my Eys run I Ride out to all
my home Qrs At Indian Town Con[ner] not at home 41
hoggs in the Pen at Changlins Tho Davies & his
wife abroad 23 hogs in the Pen at Wolf house
Sabin at home 4 hogs in the Pen 32 Sheep
at Buckles he & his wife at home a great many
People there 7 h[o] gs in the Pen 35 Sheep
At the hills Cha Jones & his wife abroad
McDade not at home neither going nor coming
30 hogs in the home Penn
27 a fine calm cool morning Xtian Sailed yes
terday morning from the mouth of the river
Majr Fleet mr Turvervile here Bunting came
from Nomini a Sunday last I had News of the
burni[n] g my Tob house at Park Qr 8 hds Tob [lost]
12 hds Corn the Negro not heard of mr Ca[rter ?]
had some medicines & 2 bottles wine

-folio 62 verso -

Xbr 29 1727
a fine day cool Calm I pd mr Gardiner £10-2S
for 13 barrels Tarr 7 barrels Pitch
30th I dispatch away my Sloop for the LL Tobo
I agreed wth Sabin to go to Park Qr to be my
Overseer there I agreed with Ned Nicken to go in
my Sloop am to give him 25S per mo if money
30S if Goods
I made a Deed of Gift to my Son Robert of
the Lot I bot of Howard in Queens Town
in this Countie No in the Plat (13)
[omission in text] [rose] in the Night with a pain in my left Ancle
31 went to Church very Lame recd the Com
munion came home very Lame my horse
Broad Stern very Suddenly died was well in
the morning I Eat for my Dinner some
buttered Eggs & Minct Pye went to bed at
10 slept till past 3 rise set up in a great
deal of [omission in text] [pain] till neer 5 my pain got into my Ins
tep the Veins much sweld on the top of my foot
after a great deal of Tumbling got to sleep &
slept till day light at sunrise got up in great
Janr 1st [1728 ] was forct to my Crutch could not Stand
without mr Steptoe mr Lee here drank Sasa[fras]
Tea 2 dishes a fine cool morn WNW
I hoble out into the Parlor I sat Most of the day
there plaid at Cards Eat some Turkey & Pudding drank
some strong beer playd till after 10 drank water
had a very uneasie night rise at past 1 sat up
2 hours Slept after till sunrise my left Ancle
much sweld however make a Shift put on
my Shoo
2d a fine calm cool morn W[ind] W had a stool
this morning none before since sunday
writ to Meeks B Ashton in the afternoon
I was very lame mr Bell & his wife came here
I sat up till almost 12 at play lost 7 bits
went to bed very lame slept till 3 very
uneasie & cold the Gout setled into my
Instep rise & set up an hour & half in
[gr] eat deal of pain slept till past 9
[ . . . ] very lame could not stirr wthout Crutch
[A c] loudy cold morning calm

-folio 63 recto -

[January] 3d 1727 [1728]
W[ind] NE went to Court in a great deal of diff
[icu] lty walkt to the Coach walkt to the boat was
carried all the rest of the time Gave Levery & Se [ . . . ]
in of a Lot to Edgar to my Son Robert of
Howard Lott of 2 Lots to Nat Wildy dran[k]
strong beer Eat Jonakin got home in the
Night carried into the house was very lame
could not walk with Crutches Eat 5 potcht
Eggs & tost plaid at Cards till 12 Clock got
to bed by 1 got quickly to [sleep] slept about 2 hours
was very uneasie till abot 4 slept till abt 8
got up at 9 very lame great difficulty to get
to the fire my left foot very much sweld
& red from the Ankle to the Toes
4 a deep Snow fell this Night cleard up in
the morning W[ind] northwest gave Noats to Biscoe
Yesterday for 13 barrels Corn 6 on Accot of Mc
Dade 5 on Accot of Conner 2 on Accot of H[arry] Quary
continued very lame all this day mr Bell m[r]
Smith mr Smith [sic ] mr Edwards staid all day
& Night plaid at Cards till 10 Clock my
left foot very much sweld my Toe sw
eld my right foot lookt red & sweld out
right lame a very bad fit in the Night
from 2 to 4 Sat up read in a great deal
of pain Eat Tost & Coffee in the morning
for dinner Eggs Tost & Mush drank
Water & wine gave Sabine a Noat for 7
barrels Corn his Share very cold [wea]
ther N W[ind] very Clear [ . . . ]
16 hogs
5 a very cold morn[ing . . . . ]
I opened Meeks [letter?]
of the Negro Tobb my bills Ladi[ng]
hds aboard Wear gives me Notice [he is]
willing to leave me mr Bell Smith
Edwds went awaw [sic ] my Pain Cont[inues]
very lame Gout in my right foot &
Ankle writ to Ja Carter Skink [ . . . ]
[ . . . r] ead in Monk lit [ . . . ]
[ . . . ] bed very l[ame . . . ]
[s] wel[l] d slept [ . . . ]

-folio 63 verso -

Janr 5 1727 [1728]
Eat this day Coffee Eggs homini
for my Dinnr drank water dast wth
wine a Tost after my first Sleep
Set up till past 4 went to bed Slept
till past 9 [illegible] ane but down right
lame in both feet 6th
Setled with Wale Murphy pa[id]
Whaley 5£/10 for Bunting writ to
Rd Meeks T Carter sent him 2
2 [sic ] doz Epsom Salt signd Conditions
with 3 Nomiy Overseers Boyle
for the Wolf house Denis for Old
very lame sharp [pain]
in both Ankles can hardly Stirr
with Crutches no Shoo hath
come on my foot these 3 daies
a moderate day W[ind] W but not hard
8 I give to Mrs Young a Milld Crown to my
Daughter Mary do to my Dr Lucy 1/2 a crown
to my son George 4 Shi: to Carter Burwell 2 S
to my Son Landon a pistole to my Son Charles
a guinia to my Son Robert Do to Mrs Carter
Do Pd to Mr John Tucker for a Hhd of rum
[ank] les sweld can hardly Stirr
[ . . . ] foot most pain a mo [ . . . ]
[ . . . ] dy Eat & drank as usual
[...ho] urs slept after till 8
[... mod] erate day but cold coud not go to Church
[my] feet very much sweld very lame & in
much pain P Smith here Eat as usual no
[ . . . ] read a Sermon went to bed at 10
9 a [ . . . ] day my feet continues sweld very
[ . . . ] a great deal of pain m[y] boat fetcht
[ . . . ] Stagg P Smith h[ere . . . ]
[ . . . sa] t up till 10 [ . . . ]

[**The text of the diary ends here. **]


Source copy consulted: Robert Carter diary, 1722-1728, Robert Carter Papers (acc. no. 3807), Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia. The sections of text on folios 49 verso, 52 recto, and 63 verso rendered in small caps are not in the hand of Robert Carter.

The text of this portion of Robert Carter's diary, originally posted in 2004, was revised between February 21, and July 25 , 2011, to add footnotes, and to strengthen the modern language version text.

[1] Mrs. Elizabeth Young was Carter's housekeeper. He had agreed with her for one year's service in 1724 but found her satisfactory for a longer term. She went to England in May 1728. (Diary June 2, 1727, and Carter to William Dawkins, June 28, July 26, and August 22, 1727, for her first name. Carter to Pemberton May 8, 1728, for her sailing to England.)

[2] Carter Burwell (1716-1756) was Robert Carter's grandson by his daughter Elizabeth (Carter) Burwell and her first husband, Nathaniel Burwell (1680-1721). Carter Burwell would live at "Carter's Grove," and would marry Lucy Grymes in 1738. (Carleton. A Genealogy. . . of Robert Carter. . . . p. 128. )

[3] A pistole, often called a doblon, was a "Spanish gold double-escudo dating from the 1530s and surviving into the 19th cent.; (also) any of various coins derived from or resembling this from the 17th and 18th centuries." See the illustration on page 5 of John J. McCusker. Money & Exchange in Europe & America 1600-1775 A Handbook. [Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press for the Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1978.], and discussion in note 3 on page 6. ( Oxford English Dictionary Online ).

[3.1] An appraisal of the estate of Elizabeth Keene was recorded in Lancaster County Court December 10, 1736, by "John Waughop, gent[leman], adm[inistrator]." (Will Book 13, p. 22, as cited in Ida J. Lee. Abstracts Lancaster County,Virginia, Wills. 1653-1800. [Greenville, SC: Southern Historical Press, Inc., 2004. Reprint of the original 1959 edition.] p. 129. )

[3.2] Thomas Pelham-Holles, the 1st Duke of Newcastle, was Secretary of State in the Walpole government; Richard L. Morton notes that the duke carried on a policy of "'saluatory neglect' of the colonies which lasted until the Seven Years' War." (Morton. Colonial Virginia. p. 506. )

[4] Peter Leheup, an English Treasury clerk, was Virginia's and other colonies' agent in England for some years. He was related by marriage to the Prime Minister's brother who was secretary of the Treasury. His influence would be greater near the end of Carter's life.(Price. Perry of London. . . . pp. 75-77, 80, 83. )

[.5] Carter noted in his diary July 29, 1726, the arrival of the Mansell, Captain Trevisa.

[6] This mill, sometimes referred to by Carter as the small or little mill, was located in Lancaster County and may have been the one "on the head of the Eastern branch of Corotoman" purchased by Carter's brother from Thomas and Elizabeth Haynes 1670 January 4. The property included about forty acres. (Jones, John Carter II. . . . p. 73. )

[6.1] Brett is presumed to have been one of Carter's overseers, but the property has not been identified.

[6.2] The Oxford English Dictionary. states that the term "physick," when used to refer to a medicine, means "cathartic or purge."

[6.3] This was a farm owned by Carter, probably located in Northumberland County where there are a number of uses of this name including a creek. (Miller. Place-Names . . . . pp. 59, 170. )

[7] Captain Richard Kelsic commanded the Mazareen which was a London ship.

[7.1] A James Bryan was listed as a resident of St. Mary's White Chapel Parish of Lancaster County in the 1716 tithable survey of the county. Carter agreed July 2, 1725, with a James Bryan "Brickmaker" for the production of 200,000 bricks. ( "Tithables in Lancaster Co., 1716." William and Mary Quarterly 1st. ser., 21(July 1912): 111; and Carter diary, July 2, 1725.)

[7.2] Dr. Alexander Edgar's inventory was recorded in Lancaster County February 10, 1730. ( Ida J. Lee. Abstracts Lancaster County,Virginia, Wills. 1653-1800. [Greenville, SC: Southern Historical Press, Inc., 2004. Reprint of the original 1959 edition.]) p. 76.

[7.3] According to the 1733 inventory of Carter's estate, John Walker was the overseer at Dick's Quarter of 23 slaves, 2 horses, 19 hogs, and 41 cattle. ("Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . ." )

[8] Robert Rose (1704-1751) would be the minister at St. Ann's Parish, Essex County, until moving to another St. Anne's in Albemarle County in 1746. Rose was "inventor, fisherman, planter, chronicler" accourding to Albemarle County historian John H. Moore, who also noted that Rose "traveled widely and preached frequently, although his diary indicates, little, if any, religious zeal." ( Ralph Emmett Fall. ed. The Diary of Robert Rose-A View of Virginia by a Scottish Colonial Parson-1746-1751. [Port Royal, Virginia, 1977]; and John Hammond Moore. Albemarle: Jefferson's County 1727-1976. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia for the Albemarle County Historical Society, 1976. p. 77. )

[9] A calash was a "kind of light carriage with low wheels, having a removable folding hood or top" according to the Oxford English Dictionary Online.

[10] There is a Seaton property on the Piankatank River in Gloucester County noted on the Fry-Jefferson map. There was a ferry over the Piankatank near Berkeley Island operated by Bailey Seaton that Carter often refers to when describing trips to Williamsburg.

[11] A Captain John Cobb would command the Willis , a ship of 300 tons with 20 men, in 1727-28. The ship was owned by merchants Haswell and Brooks which may have been a London firm. ( Survey Report 6801 on Adm. 68/194-5, ff. 4r, Virginia Colonial Records Project, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia. )

[12] Williamsburg

[13] Ripon (Rippon) Hall was Edmund Jening's estate in York County which he had acquired in 1687 from John and Unity West when it was named "Poplar Neck." Jenings's bad financial circumstances forced him to mortgage the property to Carter who eventually acquired title to it. ( "Notes and Queries." William and Mary Quarterly. 2[Apr. 1894]: 270-278. )

[14] See the minutes of the Council for discussion of the murder of settlers by Indians, and the enquiry into the possible murder of the captain of the Tayloe after the ship was wrecked in North Carolina. (McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]:125-26. )

[14.1] Carter refers to a problem with the Saponi Indians. See McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]:125-6.

[15] This property is six miles southeast of Williamsburg; in his will, Carter directed that it be called "Carter's Grove" in perpetuity, and this is the name it bears today. The house on the property was built by Carter's grandson, Carter Burwell , beginning about 1750.

[16] Mrs. Sullivan ran the boarding house where Carter stayed while in Williamsburg.

[17] Graves Packe was sheriff of York County in 1726-27. (McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]:100, 129. )

[18] Cole Digges (1692-1744) lived at "Bellfield" in York County. He was appointed to the Council in 1719. (McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 3[1705-1721]: 518, and Louis B. Wright and Marion Tinling, eds. William Byrd of Virginia: The London Diary (1717-1721) and Other Writings. [New York: Oxford University Press, 1958.] p. 459. )

[19] "Carter's Creek," the Burwell home, was in Gloucester County about two miles up the stream of this name from "Rosewell."

[20] Carter Burwell (1716-1756) was Robert Carter's grandson by his daughter Elizabeth (Carter) Burwell and her first husband, Nathaniel Burwell (1680-1721). Carter Burwell would live at "Carter's Grove," and would marry Lucy Grymes in 1738. (Carleton. A Genealogy. . . of Robert Carter. . . . p. 128. )

[21] Francis Conway (1691-1733) of Caroline County was a justice and, after 1731, a tobacco inspector. His daughter, Eleanor Rose, would be the mother of President James Madison.(McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]:172, 238; "Twig, Tree, and Treasure A Genealogical Sojourn" 11/11/03; , and "The line from Martha Eltonhead to James Madison" 11/11/03 )

[22] John Wormeley (1689-1727), a younger son of Ralph Wormeley (d. 1701) for whom Carter had been a trustee in John's youth. When his older brother, Ralph, died in 1714, John inherited all of their father's considerable estate in Middlesex and York counties. (See "Letters Concerning The Estate Of Ralph Wormeley" in the opening page of this web site. )

[23] Daniel Hornby's name appears a number of times in the minutes of the Council at this time because of a dispute over land. (McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]:118, 121, 124, 125, 127, 131, 137; )

[24] A moidore was a gold coin from Portugal or Brazil in use in Carter's time. See the illustration on page 5 of John J. McCusker. Money & Exchange in Europe & America 1600-1775 A Handbook. [Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press for the Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1978.], and discussion in note 3 on page 6. For its value, see p. 12..

[25] William Burnet (1688-1729) was governor of the New York colony, 1720-1728. (McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]:125; and "The Morris Family: New York Governors.", seen 1/21/03.)

[26] Carter may have meant Richard Everard, governor of North Carolina, 1725-1731, as there are references to the North Carolina governor in the minutes of the Council at this period. (McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]:125. )

[27] Charles Calvert (1699-1751), fifth Lord Baltimore, was governor of Maryland, 1720-1727. ( "Maryland State Archives Biographical Files." 6/4/2003.) )

[27.5] Harry Beverley (d. 1730) was a son of the immigrant Robert Beverley and lived the early part of his life in Middlesex County where he was a justice. He was surveyor of "King and Queen and King William Counties between 1702 and 1714" and later resided at "Newlands," Spotsylvania County. ( "Beverley Family" online at, 3/11/2011 ; and Rutman and Rutman, A Place in Time: Middlesex. . . . pp. 213, 217-225, 222, 235.

[27.6] A pinnace was "a small light vessel, generally two-masted, and schooner-rigged; often in attendance on a larger vessel as a tender, scout, etc." It could be rowed as well. ( Oxford English Dictionary )

[28] Richard Talent (Galent) was one of Carter's indentured servants, probably a clerk, as he was a witness to codicils to Carter's will. Carter learned of his marriage in March 1726, and took the Talents into court where they "voluntarily acknowledged" a revision of their indenture for "further service." (Jones, Orders Book Entries . . . Referring to "Robert Carter. . . ." p. 196 )

[29] Bartholomew Yates (1676-1734), an Oxford graduate, was the minister of Christ Church Parish, Middlesex County. He was one of the visitors (trustees) of the College of William Mary where he also taught. (( John K. Nelson. A Blessed Company: Parishes, Parsons, and Parishoners in Anglican Virginia, 1690-1776. [Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 2001]. p. 322, and William Meade, Bishop. Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1900.) 2 vols. 1:359-361. )

[29.5] Madeira is "a sherry type of fortified wine." ( Oxford English Dictionary Online )

[30] Although Miller cites two places in the Northern Neck named Ferry point, the one Carter indicates here certainly was that in Richmond County "on the east side of the Rappahannock River above [present day] Downing Bridge. . . . it was the landing for the ferry from Tappahannock for 162 years. . . . " (Miller. Place-Names . . . . p. 49. )

[30.5] John Brett was master of Weymouth merchant Edward Tucker's ship, the Princess Amelia, which had been commanded by a Captain Lawrence until he was drowned in 1725. (Survey Report 9729 detailing the Weymouth Port Books, found in the microfilms of the Virginia Colonial Records Project, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia. )

[31.5] Thomas Newton was sheriff of Westmoreland County in 1723-1724. (McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]:34,67. )

[31] Captain William Keiling commanded the Betty. ( Survey Report 6800, Virginia Colonial Records Project, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia )

[32] Thomas West was the overseer at Blough Point Quarter in Northumberland County when Carter's inventory was prepared in 1733. (Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . ." .)

[33] Gibson's Plantation was a property located close to "Corotoman" in Lancaster County. Carter purchased 375 acres in 1703 from Edward Gibson, later adding 90 acres from adjacent property. In Carter's 1733 inventory, Ezericum Crowder was its overseer, and Carter sometimes refers to the property as "Crowders." (Sorrells. title>Landholders & Landholdings. p.18; and Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . ." Note revised 9/17/2007.

[33.5] John Conway was one of Carter's servants, possibly a sloop captain.

[33.6] William Holladay commanded a ship named the Princess Carolina , a vessel owned by merchant John Pemberton of Liverpool. ( Survey Report 6800, found in the microfilms of the Virginia Colonial Records Project, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia; and letter, Carter to Pemberton, March 25, 1724. )

[34] Sal volatile is a preparation of ammonium carbonate "used as a restorative in fainting fits" according to the Oxford English Dictionary Online

[34.5] A portmanteau is "a case or bag for carrying clothing and other belongings when travelling; (originally) one of a form suitable for carrying on horseback; (now esp.) one in the form of a stiff leather case hinged at the back to open into two equal parts." ( Oxford English Dictionary Online )

[35] See the minutes of the Council for the official records of this meeting: McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]:128

[36] Matthew Page (ca. 1726-?) was Robert Carter's grandson by his daughter Judith (Carter) Page and her husband Mann Page (1691-1730). He died unmarried. (Carleton. A Genealogy. . . of Robert Carter. . . . p. 252. )

[37] John Page (1720-1774) was Robert Carter's grandson by his daughter Judith (Carter) Page and her husband Mann Page (1691-1730). He would live at "North End," Gloucester County, and marry Jane Byrd in 1746. (Carleton. A Genealogy. . . of Robert Carter. . . . p. 221. )

[38] Urbanna was a town in Middlesex County built on lands orginally owned by Ralph Wormeley who resisted the idea after the town was authorized by the act of 1680. But development began after his death in 1701 and the passage of the third town act in 1706. ( John W. Reps, Tidewater Towns: City Planning in Colonial Virginia and Maryland. (Williamsburg,VA: The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 1972) pp . 78-9. )

[39] John Tarpley (1661-ca. 1739) was sheriff and a justice of the peace in Richmond County ( "Second Generation" [of the Tarpley Family], viewed 31/12/2002 )

[40] Quit rent was the term used for the payment due from the holder of land to the "lord of the manor," in this case, to the proprietor of the Northern Neck. Carter as the proprietor's agent, collected these payments. No services were required of the landholder as had been true in mediaeval times.

[40.1] The abbreviation that Carter wrote after the figure "7" is not clear and the "000" the editor has added is a guess as to his meaning.

[40.2] Thomas Woodward commanded the Providence, a ship owned by Captain John Hyde & Company, during a number of voyages to the colony, 1723-1727. ( Adm. 68/194 and 195, Virginia Colonial Records Project, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia, and Carter's letter to the firm, September 17, 1723.)

[41] John Warner was the surveyor of King George County in 1727; he laid off the town of Falmouth in 1728. Later he worked for Lord Fairfax, proprietor of the Northern Neck, and prepared an important map of his holdings. (Harrison, Landmarks of Old Prince William , 626-628. )

[42] Allerton's patent "originally consisted of 1600 acres patented by Lewis Burwell in 1650, assigned . . . to Isaac Allerton in 1662." It lies in Westmoreland county on the "east shore of Lower Machodoc Creek." (Miller. Place-Names . . . . p. 2. )

[43] Thomas Lee (1690-1750) was the son of Richard Lee II, and nephew of Edmund Jenings; he would build "Stratford," and succeed Carter on the Council. ( Burton J. Hendrick. The Lees of Virginia: Biography of a Family. [Boston: Little Brown, 1935]. pp. 48, 51, etc. )

[44] Yeocomico Church is in Westmoreland County and was located north of present-day Kinsale. There has been a church on this site since 1655; the existing church was built in 1706. (Miller. Place-Names . . . . p. 175. )

[45] John Turberville (d. 1728) was a justice, burgess, and sheriff of Lancaster County. ( "Tithables in Lancaster Co., 1716." William and Mary Quarterly 1st. ser., 21[July 1912]: 106-11; and "Turberville Family of VA,", reviewed and downloaded 10/31/2002 )

[45.5] Metcalf was a member of an old Richmond County family descended from Gilbert Metcalf, a merchant of London. He was characterized as a merchant in a law suit in the county court. (Ryland. Richmond County Virginia. . . . pp. 76-77 ; "Metcalfes of Virginia, USA 1700-1800." online at,%20John/2006/Messages/Tracy%20Hancock/Metcalfes%20of%20VA%201700.htm, seen 3/31/2011; and "Metcalf Families." William and Mary Quarterly. 5, [#1 (July1896]:10-15).

[46] Brick House Quarter was located in Richmond County possibly on Richardson Creek. In the 1733 inventory of Carter's estate, Simon Sallard was the overseer of several horses, 7 slaves, 9 hogs, 14 cattle. The inventory entry also mentions "things formerly belonging to Robert Purtell" (Pursell). (Miller. Place-Names . . . . p. 15; and "Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . ." )

[47] James Whaley was the overseer at the Westmoreland plantations Old Ordinary and Moon's Plantation in the 1733 inventory. . (Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . ." )

[48] Metcalfs was a farm in Westmoreland County. On November 30, 1724, Carter wrote in his diary that he had agreed with James Murphy to be overseer at Metcalfs. John Ordra was the overseer there in the 1733 inventory of Carter's estate of 5 slaves, 3 horses, 10 sheep, 40 hogs, and 47 cattle. The property descended to Robert Carter III together with Brents Quarter. The two properties comprised 1932 acres. (Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . ." and Morton. Robert Robert Carter of Nomini Hall. p. 70. )

[48.5] Head of the River Quarter was located in Westmoreland County and had 18 slaves, 4 horses, 10 hogs, 15 cattle, and 24 sheep when Carter's 1733 inventory was taken. Henry Lawson was then its overseer.

[49] Dick's Quarter was located in Westmoreland County; John Walker was the overseer of 23 slaves, 2 horses, 19 hogs, and 41 cattle in the 1733 inventory. . ("Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . ." )

[50] Captain James Hopkins commanded the Mary in 1727-1728. He was then working for London merchant Robert Cary. He is mentioned in Carter's diary. ( Adm. 68/194, found in the microfilms of the Virginia Colonial Records Project, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia. )

[51] At this time, the term "chariot" was "applied in 18th c. to a light four-wheeled carriage with only back seats, and differing from the post-chaise in having a coach-box." ( Oxford English Dictionary Online )

[52] Arthur Moseley was taking a patent on land in Henrico County on Fighting Creek. The patent would be challenged before the council. (McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]:143, 158-59. )

[53] A doblon was "a Spanish gold coin, originally double the value of a pistole, i.e. = 33 to 36 shillings English." ( Oxford English Dictionary Online )

[54] The location of this mill is not clear but it must have been close to "Cortoman" as Carter refers to visiting it without being away overnight. This would seem to eliminate the large double-wheeled mill built by Carter in 1716 in Westmoreland County on the Nomini property on Double Mills stream which is one of the tributaries of Nomini Creek. (Miller. Place-Names . . . . p. 41. )

[55] "Corotoman," or "Buckles," was a property very close to Carter's home, also called "Corotoman." But this property was under the direction of an overseer named John Buckles, and Carter frequently refers to it as "Buckles."

[55.5] Carter apparently refers to a farm whose overseer was named "Sabin." It is not a reference to "Sabine Hall" because Landon Carter would name that property after he built the house about 1740.

[55.6] Old House Quarter was located in Christ Church Parish, Lancaster County, and was inherited by Carter from his brother. The name may refer to the original Carter settlement in the county. It probably included the sixty acre tract "located off a cove of Carter's Creek called Carter's Cove" where Carter may have been living when he married Betty (Landon) Willis in 1703. In Cater's 1733 inventory, George Conolly was the overseer there, managing 31 slaves, 116 sheep, 105 cattle, and "a horse calld Blackbird." ("Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . ." ; Jones. John Carter II. . . . p. 55. ; Lloyd T. Smith, Jr., ed. A Ring for Her Finger: An 18th Century Prenuptial Agreement. The Jointure Agreement for Betty Landon At the Time of Her Marriage to Robert Carter. [Irvington, VA: Foundation for Historic christ Church, 2011.] p. 5; and Jones. "Orders Book Entries . . . Referring to "Robert Carter. . . ." pp. 140-141. )

[56] Elizabeth (Harrison) Randolph (1724-1745) was called "Betty." She was Carter's granddaughter by his daughter Anne and her husband, Benjamin Harrison IV. Betty would marry Peyton Randolph, and their son, Benjamin Harrison V, would be a signer of the Declaration of Independence, and governor of Virginia. ( "Harrison of James River," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. 32(1924): 97; and Carleton. A Genealogy. . . of Robert Carter. . . . p. 259. )

[57] Lewis Burwell (d. 1743) lived "at one of the large properties he acquired on the north bank of the James River south of Williamsburg." He became a prominent citizen of James City County, serving as justice and burgess. He built a fine mansion at his Kingsmill plantation near "Carter's Grove." (Kneebone et al. Dictionary of Virginia Biography. ) 2:433-4.

[57.1] James Read (Reid) is not referred to as "captain" which means he was an official or factor for Glasgow merchant John Stark's firm empowered to do its business in Virginia. Carter had noted that Read was aboard the Charles, a Glasgow ship that was owned by Stark, in a letter to Stark of September 4, 1723.

[57.5] A man named McClean appears in earlier Carter diaries. He seems to have been an indentured servant.

[58] Captain Samuel Bowman commanded the Lucia. Carter mentioned this vessel in his diary in June 1724, and again on March 4,1726, when he wrote that she "came in had 20 Weeks Passage."

[59] Landon Carter (1710-1778) was Carter's seventh child by his second wife, Elizabeth (Landon) Willis. "In late 1719 or early 1720 when he was nine he went . . . to London . . . " for his further education. His father had not seen him in seven years. Landon would live at "Sabine Hall," Richmond County, and marry three times, leaving many descendants, some of whom own "Sabine Hall" today. As an adult, he would keep a very interesting and useful diary. (Greene. The Diary of Colonel Landon Carter. . . . p. 3. )

[60] Old House Quarter was located in Christ Church Parish, Lancaster County, and was inherited by Carter from his brother. The name may refer to the original Carter settlement in the county. In Cater's 1732 inventory, George Conolly was the overseer there, managing 31 slaves, 116 sheep, 105 cattle, and "a horse calld Blackbird." ("Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . ." ; Jones. John Carter II. . . . p. 55. ; and Jones. "Orders Book Entries . . . Referring to "Robert Carter. . . ." pp. 140-141. )

[61] Charles Smith (d. 1733) would become minister in Wicomico Parish, Northumberland County, serving until his death. ( John K. Nelson. A Blessed Company: Parishes, Parsons, and Parishoners in Anglican Virginia, 1690-1776. [Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 2001]. p. 319. )

[61.5] Sittenburne (Cillenburn) Parish was located in the northern portion of Richmond County. ( John K. Nelson. A Blessed Company: Parishes, Parsons, and Parishoners in Anglican Virginia, 1690-1776. [Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 2001]. pp. 19, 23. )

[62] This was probably William Nairn who would serve Henrico Parish in Henrico County in 1727-1728. ( John K. Nelson. A Blessed Company: Parishes, Parsons, and Parishoners in Anglican Virginia, 1690-1776. [Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 2001]. p. 316. )

[63] Not used.

[64] This was probably Barnabas Burch "the boatbuildr" with whom Carter had problems causing him to describe Burch as "an idle Roug ever Since he came here the work he has don hath not answerd" in his diary entry for February 2, 1725. In June of that year, Carter learned that Burch and several others had stolen a gun and hidden it in the woods. In July Carter won a judgement against Burch for running away, and because Burch confessed "that he is totally ignorant of and unable to perform the trade & misteries of a house carpenter for which he entered into Covenant with his sd Master in Great Britain." The court added time to Burch's indenture, and ordered that he receive no salary during his term. (Jones, Orders Book Entries . . . Referring to "Robert Carter. . . ." p. 120 abstracting Lancaster County Court Orders Book 7 1721-1729, page 181. )

[65] A ship or other vessel that was careened was run onto a sandy bank or other soft bottom, unloaded as far as possible, and pulled first onto one side and then onto the other so that the bottom of the hull could be inspected, cleaned, and repaired as necessary.

[65.5] Established in 1696 as successor to a similar body, the Lords Commissioners of Trade and Plantations was "an advisory group, subordinate to king and Privy Council, and with no executive, financial, or penalizing powers, the Board of Trade was nevertheless able . . . to exert a far reaching and often determining influence in colonial matters. . . . It prepared the royal instructions for the governors overseas. . . ." ( Henry Hartwell, James Blair, and Edward Chilton. Hunter Dickinson Farish, ed. The Present State of Virginia, and the College. [First published, 1940, by Colonial Williamsburg, Inc., and reprinted Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1964.] pp. xvi-xvii. )

[65.6] "Mediterranean Passes were provided for English ships by the Admiralty in order to give protection against attack from the Corsairs of the Barbary Coast." This statement is given in describing copies of records of these passes found in ADM/7 in the Public Record Office available for purchase on microfilm. (, 1/23/03)

[66] "Thos. Edwards, a little petty Fogging Lawyer the Clark of our County that hath as much Mettle and more cunning for Contention then his predecessor had" Carter wrote to Landon Jones, July 23, 1723. Edwards was clerk of the Lancaster County court from 1720-1746. ( Within the Court House at Lancaster. Lively, VA: Lively Printing Services, Lively, VA: Lively Printing Services, [1976]. p. 15. )

[67] Thomas Booth of York County held a power of attorney after 1709 from Robert Bristow (1688-1737), a prominent Englishman and member of Parliament, who had a plantation at Fleet's Bay, Northumberland County. Carter had turned down the opportunity to be Bristow's Virginia agent. (Tyler, Lyon G. "Inscriptions on Old Tombs. . . . " ; and Sedgwick, Romney. The History of Parliament , p. 488.

[68] This may have been the Thomas Pinhard (Pinkard; d. 1740) who was sheriff of Lancaster County in 1710. He married Margaret Swan. (McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]: xxiii; and "SwanVANY." 5/8/2003 )

[69] The 140 ton Welcome was owned by London merchant James Bradley to whom Carter would write about her on May 17, 1727. John Trice (Frice) was her captain, 1723-1727. (Adm 68/195, 154r, found in the microfilms of the Virginia Colonial Records Project, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia.)

[69.1] The Marlborough was a vessel of 100 tons and 14 men, commanded by George Buckeridge (Buckbridge). ( Admiralty 68/195, abstracted in Survey Report 6801, Virginia Colonial Records Project, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia. )

[70] John Stephenson commanded the Caledon, a ship owned in part by Glasgow merchant John Zuil. (See Carter to Zuil , July 22 1729.)

[70.5] Cavil is "the raising of frivolous objections." ( Oxford English Dictionary Online )

[71] Charles Grymes (c. 1692-1743) was the son of John Grymes of Middlesex County, but lived at "Morratico," Richmond County, where he was sheriff, burgess, etc. ( "The Grymes Family." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography . 28[1920]: 90-96, 187-94, 283-85, 374-75. and Ryland. Richmond County Virginia. . . . pp. 500, 504, 514.

[72] Dr. Bell has not been positively identified, but may have been Dr. Alexander Bell of Lancaster County who died in 1742. ( Virginia Magazine of History and Biography , 35(1927):217. )

[73] Denton and Christian were ship captains, Denton of the John & Betty, and James Christian of the Rose. Both vessels were owned by merchant John Pemberton of Liverpool. (See Carter to Pemberton, April 15, 1730 .)

[73.5] The York River

[74] See the minutes of these Council meetings for details. (McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]: 138-39. )

[75] Captain Vincent Pearse was the commander of the Tartar, the British warship on station in the colony. The "expresses" Carter mentions probably had to do with convoying merchant ships. (McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]:136. )

[75.5] Carter's diary entry for March 20, 1724, notes "Coll Pages man Sawney came here." Apparently a trusted slave, Sawney frequently traveled to bring messages from the Page home to Carter's.

[76] Adam Graves was a son of Captain Thomas Graves (d. ante 1720), long a captain of vessels trading to Virginia, and a special friend of Robert Carter's. Adam Graves commanded the Bailey in 1725-1727, a ship that belonged to London merchant William Dawkins. ( Survey Report 6800, and Adm. 68/194-196 found in the microfilms of the Virginia Colonial Records Project, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia )

[77] Henry Willis (1691-1740) of Fredericksburg. ("Willis Family Genealogy" ( as of 5/21/02; and "Willis Family." William and Mary Quarterly. 1st ser. 5(1896): 24-27, 171-176; 6(1897): 27-29, 206-214.) )

[77.6] Gout is "a specific constitutional disease occurring in paroxysms, usually hereditary and in male subjects; characterized by painful inflammation of the smaller joints, esp. that of the great toe, and the deposition of sodium urate in the form of chalk-stones; it often spreads to the larger joints and the internal organs. ( Oxford English Dictionary Online )

[78] Carter may have referred to buck bean tea which "in large doses . . . is a purgative" as he notes that he had vomited. "Buck bean tea is used to relieve fever, migraine headaches, indigestion, or to promote appetite, rheumatism, scrofula, scurvy, jaundice, skin diseases, dropsy, stops bleeding, liver and kidney troubles. . . . Externally, bean can be used for ulcerous sores, and for herpes. Expels worms." ( "eMedicinal Herbs Database." http://www. 4/12/2011 )

[78.5] Indian Creek lies at the eastern tip of Lancaster County at the northern side of Fleets Bay, and runs inland roughly northwest towards today's Kilmarnock. It probably was 6 or 7 miles from "Corotoman" by the roads of Carter's time.

[79] To spew is to vomit, and Carter apparently uses a past tense.

[79.1] See Carter's letter to John Randolph, June 21,1727, for information about the "Maryland men."

[80] John Stark was a merchant, probably the one to whom Carter referred when he wrote to Micajah Perry on July 4,1723, that he had drawn an order on "Mr. Stark of Glassgow [sic ] ." On that same day, he wrote to a John Stark, referring to Captain Bowman.

[81] Watkinson was captain of the Vine, a ship that may have been owned by Micajah Perry. (Carter to Pemberton, 1724 March 25)

[83] William Whiteside commanded the Lucy in 1727; she was a brigantine, and apparently called at Madeira, as Carter ordered wine from merchants there by her. (See Carter to Heyward, Miles & Rider, June 29, 1727 .)

[84] The impost was the duty imposed by Britain on imported tobacco, and the cocket, for which a fee was charged, was the document bearing a cocket or seal issued by the "King's Customs House" that the impost had been paid. (See the definitions of each word in Oxford English Dictionary Online. )

[85] This was James Shields (Sheilds) (1674-1727) who died June 2, 1727. He was an innkeeper but apparently also looked after the jail. "His Will was proved in court on 17 Jul 1727. In it he named his wife Hannah; sons James, Matthew, and William; and, daughters Mary Vaughan and Elizabeth Cobbs" (Francine Cobb-Arnold. "Re: James Shields married to Hannah ?." 4/14/2011.)

[86] Benjamin Desborough (Desborow, Desbrow, Disborow, Disborrow, Disbrough, Disbrow) first appears in York County records in 1726, and, after becoming public jailer through Carter's appointment, appears in the court records on a number of occasions as debtor or plaintiff or for other reasons. He owned some slaves, but had to sell them in 1730 to satisfy a debt to William Robertson, and generally seems to have had little success in living within his means. He was out of office as jailer by May 6, 1731, when a John Carter held that post. (Much information for this note was supplied to the editor by Linda Rowe of the Colonial Williamsburg Historical Research staff by email, 7/8/2003, to whom his thanks are sent! Desborough appears in the Journal of the House of Burgesses of Virginia, 1726-1734, 1736-1740, pp. 46, 69. See also McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]:. p. 243.)

[86.5] Richard Hickman (d. 1732) had been deputy clerk of Middlesex County in 1709. After Governor Hugh Drysdale's death, the Council appointed him to manage the Governor's house and its gardens. His name appears a number of times in the Council minutes as he was the doorkeeper, and as he took out land patents. From Carter's letter to William Robertson July 15, 1727, in which he complains that "Mr. Hickman is very dilatory with his probatted Administrations," it seems that Hickman must have done other work for the colonial government. (Edward W. James. "Libraries in Colonial Virginia." William and Mary Quarterly. 3[1,#4, Apr. 1895]:248-51 for Hickman's inventory recorded May 15, 1732, listing many books; "Notes from the Journal of the House of Burgesses, 1712-1726." William and Mary Quarterly. 21[1,#4, April 1913]:257 mentions his being Council doorkeeper; "Notes from the Journal of the House of Burgesses, 1727-1734, William and Mary Quarterly. 22[1, #1, July 1913]:54,56-58, mentions his being clerk of the Committee of Propositions and Grievances; and McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]:114. )

[86.6] A caudle cup was a "small, two-handled silver cup, usually with a cover, originally made in England during the second half of the 17th century and possibly used for caudle -- warm ale or wine mixed with bread or gruel, eggs, sugar, and spices -- which was administered to women after childbirth and to convalescents." (Encyclopedia Brittanica online, 8/27/2007)

[87] John Falconar was a London merchant with whom Carter dealt. In 1728, Falconar and Henry Darnell formed an association of twenty-nine London tobacco merchants to deal with the French tobacco purchasing agent as a group in order to keep the price as high as possible. The association lasted only lasted a year or two before dissolving because some of its members were dealing directly with the French agent and selling below the agreed-upon price. ( Arthur Pierce Middleton. Tobacco Coast: A History of the Chesapeake Bay in the Colonial Era. Newport News, VA: Mariners' Museum, 1953. p. 129 )

[88] James Carter (1684-1743), of Stafford County, was the younger brother of Carter's dear friend and associate, Captain Thomas Carter of Lancaster County, and was one of Carter's chief managers. ( Joseph Lyon Miller, "Captain Thomas Carter and His Descendants," William and Mary Quarterly. 1st ser., 17(1908-09): 275-285. )

[89] Edmund Scarborough was appointed naval officer of the Eastern Shore on June 7, 1726. He had been sheriff of Accomack County in 1720. (McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]:103, xl. )

[90] Elias Edmunds (d. 1745) was a considerable land holder in the northwestern part of Lancaster County. ( Ida J. Lee. Abstracts Lancaster County,Virginia, Wills. 1653-1800. (Greenville, SC: Southern Historical Press, Inc., 2004. Reprint of the original 1959 edition.) p. 78; and Sorrells. Landholders & Landholdings. pp. 30, 42 ff.. )

[91] Carter entered the wrong date; it was still July 24, 1727. He probably did so because the express to Carolina he mentions details the calling of a court of vice admiralty on August 15, 1727.

[91.5] James Ball (d. 1754) was sheriff of Lancaster County in 1727. He was a member of a distinguished Lancaster County family. ( Ida J. Lee. Abstracts Lancaster County,Virginia, Wills. 1653-1800. (Greenville, SC: Southern Historical Press, Inc., 2004. Reprint of the original 1959 edition.) p. 8; and McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]:129. )

[91.6] Maugre can mean, according to the Oxford English Dictionary Online "notwithstanding; in spite of everything."

[92] Milfordhaven is a town in Pembrokeshire, Wales, so these men must have been off a ship in the colony.

[93] This probably was Richard Haynes, master of one of Carter's sloops. (See Carter to Richard Meeks, June 30, 1729 .)

[94] Mrs. Wormeley was the widow of John Wormeley whose death Carter noted in his diary entry for February 71727.

[94.5] This may have been John Taliaferro (1687-1744) who would be one of the first justices of Caroline County in 1728, and sheriff of that county in 1730. (McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]:87, 98, 105, 172, 188, 195, 215, )

[94.6] Ralph Wormeley (ca . 1681-1714), Ralph Wormeley's (d. 1701) oldest son; Carter was among the trustees for the boys in their youth. After his older brother's death in 1714, John (1689-1727) inherited all of their father's considerable estate in Middlesex and York counties.

[95] Sir Richard Everard (1683-1733) was the governor of the colony of North Carolina 1725-1731 when that colony was owned by lords proprietors. ("North Carolina Governors" in "North Carolina Encyclopedia" placed online by the State Library of North Carolina. [, 8/4/03] )

[96] This note eliminated.

[97] Oronocco tobacco was one of two major types grown in Carter's day. It was "bulkier and coarser than sweetscented . . . had a sharper leaf 'like a fox's ear,'" and "was stronger in flavor" than sweetscented." ( Arthur Pierce Middleton. Tobacco Coast: A Maritime History of the Chesapeake Bay in the Colonial Era. Newport News, VA: Mariners' Museum, 1953. p. 97 )

[98] This tobacco mark probably refers to Lewis Burwell (1711 or 1712-1756), Carter's grandson by Elizabeth Carter Burwell and her first husband, Nathaniel Burwell (1680-1721), for whom Carter was guardian. Lewis was educated at Eton and Cambridge, and inherited considerable property, living at "Fairfield," Gloucester County. He would be president of the Council in 1750-1751. (Kneebone et al. , Dictionary of Virginia Biography. 2:434-5. and Carleton. A Genealogy. . . of Robert Carter. . . . p. 114. )

[99] The Vice Admiralty Court heard testimony from Roger Kennyon and several others in a trial of three pirates caught in North Carolina. (See Carter's letters, July 24, 1727, to Sir Richard Everard, governor of North Carolina, and William Robertson, clerk of the Virginia Council; and, McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]:144,149-50. )

[100] Pirate John Vidal, "an Irishman and a Protestant," was one of the three pirates captured in North Carolina who had been convicted and sentenced to death in a Vice Admiralty Court in Williamsburg in August See footnote 99. Vidal was reprieved by Carter as he notes in his diary entry, and later sought and received a pardon from the king. ( Sir William Gooch to the Duke of Newcastle, September 21, 1727. Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, 35:1726-1727 [1936]347-365. C.O. 5, 1337. No. 37. From: 'America and West Indies: September 1727', Online at accessed: 17 May 2011. )

[100.5] "Carter's Creek," the Burwell home, was in Gloucester County about two miles up the stream of this name from "Rosewell."

[100.6] William Camp (Kemp) was described by Carter as "the General Overseer of Mr Burwell's Affairs" and he wrote that Camp earned a salary "£50 . . . for the year 1731." Carter and his son-in-law, Mann Page, were the trustees of Nathaniel Burwell's children after Burwell's death in 1721. Camp was a resident of Gloucester County where most of the Burwell estates lay, and he must also have supervised "Rippon Hall" in nearby York County. (Carter to George Braxton, 1729 November 20, and Carter to William Dawkins,1732 July 11. Virginia Tax Records. [Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 1983.] p. 539. )

[101] A ferry across the Rappahannock from Lancaster County was located at this Middlesex County property, probably owned by Thomas Machen who appears in the records of Christ Church Parish, Middlesex, in 1725. It was a short distance from Machens across the county to another ferry located at Seatons in Gloucester County on the south bank of the Piankatank River. Carter regularly took this route to Williamsburg. ( Churchill Gibson Chamberlayne, editor. The Vestry Book of Christ Church Parish Middlesex County, Virginia 1663-1767. [Richmond: Old Dominion Press, 1927] p. 202. )

[101.5] What Carter meant by the abbreviation "Pn" is not clear.

[102] A gammon is large piece of cured pork, or bacon.

[102.5] A bill of exchange is a kind of check or promissory note without interest. It is used primarily in international trade, and is a written order by one person to pay another a specific sum on a specific date sometime in the future. If the bill of exchange is drawn on a bank, it is called a bank draft. If it is drawn on another party, it is called a trade draft. Sometimes a bill of exchange will simply be called a draft, but whereas a draft is always negotiable (transferable by endorsement), this is not necessarily true of a bill of exchange. ( "Dictionary of Financial Scam Terms" at 8/22/2005 )

[103] George Mason III (c. 1690-1735), justice, sheriff, burgess, and county lieutenant of Stafford County, father of the constitutional theorist. (Copeland and MacMaster, The Five George Masons. pp. 50-86 ; and George Harrison Sanford King, The Register of Overwharton Parish Stafford County Virginia 1723-1758 And Sundry Historical and Genealogical Notes . [Fredericksburg, VA: privately printed, 1961.] )

[104] John Mercer (1704-1768) emigrated from Ireland where he had been trained as an attorney. "He settled at Marlboroughtown in 1726 as a practicing attorney and at once allowed a facile pen to get him into trouble with the government." He eventually lost his license to practice law, and turned to the land speculation that he had begun as soon as he reached Virginia. (Harrison. Landmarks of Old Prince William p. 315. and Copeland and MacMaster. The Five George Masons. )

[105] Carter may have meant "hyssop," a plant whose leaves have a pleasant scent and a "warm, pungent taste" according to a Webster's dictionary. "The infusion has an agreeable flavour and is used by herbalists in pulmonary diseases. It was once much employed as a carminative in flatulence and hysterical complaints" ( A Modern Herbal by Mrs. Maud Grieve ["Written in the early part of the last century, the advice is both timely and historical."] online at ",", 7/22/2011)

[106] Something that is "wonted" is regular or usual.

[107] Anderson's Scots Pills, a product of the 1630's, had been invented by Patrick Anderson, a Scot, who wrote in a book published in 1635 that he had learned the secret of the pills in Venice. He passed the formula to his daughter Katherine who in turn passed it to a doctor named Thomas Weir in 1686. Weir obtained letters patent on the formula from James II in 1687. ( George B. Griffenhagen and James Harvey Young, "Old English Patent Medicines in America," in Contributions From the Museum of History and Technology (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1959), paper 10, 156-183. )

[108] Totuskey Fork farm lay "in the fork between the two branches of Totuskey Creek at the hill of the same name" in Richmond County. After 1806 the property would be known as "Richmond Hill." (Miller. Place-Names . . . . pp. 135, 158. )

[109] Francis Willis (1690-post 1749) of "'White Hall," Gloucester Co., VA. He would be a member of the House of Burgesses in 1748. ("Willis Family Genealogy" ( as of 5/21/02; and "Willis Family." William and Mary Quarterly. 1st ser. 5(1896): 24-27, 171-176; 6(1897): 27-29, 206-214.) )

[110] Hock is "the wine called in German Hochheimer, produced at Hochheim on the Main; hence, commercially extended to other white German wines." ( Oxford English Dictionary Online )

[111] This may have been Peter Presley of Northumberland County, a member of the House of Burgesses at this time. (Cynthia Miller Leonard. The General Assembly of Virginia July 30, 1619-January 11, 1978. A Bicentennial Register of Members. Richmond: General Assembly of Virginia, 1978. pp. 72,74.)

[112] George I (1660-1727)

[113] James Thomas was surveyor of Westmoreland County. In 1736, he would be one of the surveyors involved in the work of the commission to determine the bounds of the Northern Neck proprietary. (Brown. Virginia Baron. . . . pp. 83, 92. )

[113.5] George II (1727-1759)

[114] William and Mary

[115] Rack punch is "made with arrack" which is "a name applied in Eastern countries to any spirituous liquor of native manufacture; especially, that distilled from the fermented sap of the coco-palm, or from rice and sugar, fermented with the coco-nut juice" and "hot water, limes, sugar, and spice." ( Oxford English Dictionary Online, and "Victorian Literature" oline at, 5/24/2011)

[115.5] Samuel Eskridge (1711-1747) was a son of Colonel George Eskridge of Westmoreland county.("Eskridge Family Genealogy" online at, 5/26/2011.)

[116] An ordinary was "an inn, public house, tavern, etc., where meals [were] provided at a fixed price; the room in such a building where this type of meal [was] provided." ( Oxford English Dictionary Online )

[117] Harry Quarry, an indentured servant, had with others taken a canoe in 1725 and run away for three days. The court sentenced him to serve "six days for his sd three days absence and Ten calendar months and a half for his offence in takeing away the canoe" plus the cost of capturing him. Carter wrote in his diary July 11, 1726, "Harry Quarry came in 20 Janr 1719 serves 2 yrs 6 months 3 weeks after his indented time will be free the 11th of Augst only Serving for the Canoa." (Jones, Orders Book Entries . . . Referring to "Robert Carter. . . ." abstracting Lancaster County Court Orders Book 7, 1721-1725, p. 165, for January 13, 1725/26. p. 119.

[118] Carter refers to an assembly of all of the militia.

[118.5] Joseph Carter "was a son of Thomas Carter II, and grandson of Thomas Carter the immigrant, of Barford on the Corotoman River near Merry Point." He would be appointed tobacco inspector in 1727 and a justice of Lancaster County in 1734. (Brown and Sorrells. People in Profile. p. 18; and McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]:238, 320. )

[119] Blough (Bluff) Point plantation was in Northumberland County "on Jarvis Creek about four miles from Kilmarnock in Bluff Point Neck." Carter had purchased the property from "John Sudley, the Farther [sic ] and the Son . . ." and bequeathed it to Landon. (Miller. Place-Names . . . . . p. 82. ; and Greene. The Diary of Colonel Landon Carter. . . . , p. 4. )

[120] A clyster is "a medication injected into the rectum, to empty or cleanse the bowels, to afford nutrition, etc.; an injection, enema; sometimes, a suppository. . . ." ( Oxford English Dictionary Online )

[121] Carter probably refers to panada, "a dish consisting of bread boiled to a pulp in water, sometimes flavoured with sugar, currants, nutmeg, or other ingredients." ( Oxford English Dictionary Online )

[122] Carter had referred to a Dr. Edgar on January 20, 1727, and this is probably the person he means here.

[123] Laudanum was the name used for medicinal various preparations in which opium was the main ingredient. (Oxford English Dictionary. )

[124] Plague water is "an infusion of various herbs and roots in alcohol, taken as a remedy against the plague" ( Oxford English Dictionary Online )

[125] Portobago Creek lies in Essex County, and runs into the Rappahannock River. It is shown as "Port Tobacco" on the Fry-Jefferson map. It is not listed in Carter's will as one of his farms.

[126] Fowler's receipt or solution is "an aquenous solution of arsenite of potassium, of such strength that one hundred parts represent one part of arsenious acid, or white arsenic; named from Fowler, an English physician who first brought it into use." ( Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by C. & G. Merriam Co., found online at "The Free Dictionary."'s+solution;7/21/2011.)

[127] Oil of amber is "a yellowish to brown essential oil made by destructive distillation of amber; has an acrid taste." ( McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms , 6E, Copyright 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., found online at "The Free Dictionary.", 7/21/2011)

[128] Oil of anise is a "the essential oil obtained from aniseed by distillation with water, the source of many important chemical derivatives." ( Oxford English Dictionary Online )

[129] Carter had a clerk named John Harvey, and there are notes on some of his letters, "Harvey to copy." A John Harvey witnessed his will, and some of its codicils, which is logical if Harvey had written it out for Carter. However, on November 13, 1729, Carter wrote to Micajah Perry that Harvey, "whom you sent me from the Hospital," had completed his service, indicated that he did not trust Harvey, and intimated that Harvey may have stolen some accounts of the Burwell estate of which he requested copies from Perry.

[129.5] Willoughby Allerton (1664-1724) was a prominent citizen of Westmoreland County where he was burgess, sheriff, and militia officer. ( Allerton Genealogical Data at, 4/16/04; and McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 3[1705-1721]: 92,146,381,420. )

[130] Cedar Run wanders through today's counties of Fauquier and Prince William along the northern border of the Quantico Marine Base joining the Broad Run to form the Occoquan River just southwest of the community of Lake Jackson in Prince William County. In Carter's time, the area was Stafford County. ( Alexandria Drafting Company. Regional Northern Virginia. Alexandria, VA: Alexandria Drafting Company, 2002. )

[131] Denis was a farm close to "Corotoman" as Carter mentions it fairly often in his diary. Apparently its overseer was named Denis, and Carter refers to the farm by that name.

[132] Tully was a cooper, a skilled tradesman who could produce barrels of various sizes.

[133] Frank Awbrey (1690?-1741) was an active land speculator in the area that became Loudoun County, and was one of the first justices when Prince William County was organiized in 1731. He was sheriff of that county in 1739. (McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]:239, 439; and Harrison. Landmarks. . . . pp. 148, 150, 153-54 ff. )

[133.5] In Carter's time, a "thoroughfare" was a gap through mountains. The thoroughfare of Broad Run (a branch of Occoquan River) is today called Thoroughfare Gap. It lies about five miles northwest of Gainesville in Prince William County. (Harrison. Landmarks. . . . p. 468. and Margaret T. Peters. A Guidebook to Virginia's Historical Markers. [Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia for the Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission, 1985.] p. 17. )

[134] Henry Bell was the overseer at Pewmonds End plantation in the 1732 inventory of Carter's estate. (Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . ." )

[135] Holland was "a closely woven white linen used especially for shirts and bed linen" and a "fine linen cloth first inported from Holland; after the 18th century the name was applied to any fine linen." ( "Of Silk, Cotton, Linen and Wool." 18c New England Life: Clothing & Accoutrements. 1/8/04 "Glossary of Textile Terms." 18cNewEnglandLife: Clothing & Accoutrements. 1/8/04 )

[136] An ell is an old term for measurement which is roughly the equivalent of 45 inches.

[137] Carter probably meant a rundlet which was a small barrel holding about 18 gallons.

[138] Charles Brent (d. 13 January 1756) of Overwharton Parish, Stafford County, married to Hannah Innes. He acted as collector of quit rents for Carter in the county.

[139] Carter acquired a Richmond County property that he called Innis's toward the end of 1728. Enoch Innis inherited it from his father, James, who died in 1709. ( Lucy Jane Brent Palmer, "Charles Brent of Stafford County and Some of His Descendants," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography , 34(1926): 280-85 and 378-84 ; and "Abstracts From Records of Richmond County, Virginia," William and Mary Quarterly , (1)17(1908-09): 176-177, which cites records of Richmond County concerning this will, probated December 25, 1709, as from Will Book 3 ).

[140] Carter probably refers to South Farnham Parish, Essex County, just across the Rappahannock from Richmond County. ( John K. Nelson. A Blessed Company: Parishes, Parsons, and Parishoners in Anglican Virginia, 1690-1776. [Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 2001]. p. 18. )

[141] Arabian coins were in use in early Virginia, and Philip A. Bruce found a mention of them in a will, citing Records of Lower Norfolk County , original vol. 1695-1703, f. p. 95. (Philip A. Bruce. Economic History of Virginia in the Seventeenth Century: An Inquiry into the Material Condition of the People, Based on Original and Contemporaneous Records. [New York: MacMillan and Co., 1896.] p. 514, as found at "Dinsmore Documentation presents Classics of American Colonial History,", 2/12/04.)

[141.5] From the context, it is clear that the "scoe" was some sort of vessel, probably a scow, which the Oxford English Dictionary Online defines as "a large flat-bottomed lighter or punt." This was certainly some sort of coastal vessel.

[141.6] Henry Fleet (d. 1735) was the third member of a distinguished Lancaster County family to bear this name, and was justice, sheriff in 1729-1730, coroner, surveyor of roads, and militia officer. ("Rebecca Banton Mysterious Woman of Wealth" in Brown and Sorrells. People in Profile, pp. 129-30. )

[142] "Queenstown was the name given to the port town in Lancaster County on the northwest side of the mouth of Corotoman River and the northeast side of a creek thus affording good water access for shipping. . . . " Robert Carter served as ffeofee or trustee of the town from its founding in 1692. The court house was located here until it was moved to its present location in 1738. Lot no. 13 had been sold November 14, 1706, to William Howard who conveyed it to John Turberville in 1707 and he to Carter in 1712.(Christine Adams Jones. Queenstown Early Port Town of Lancaster County, Virginia 1692. [Lancaster, VA: Mary Ball Washington Museum & Library, 1980.] pp. 1, 3.)

[143] Captain John Steptoe lived on land that later (about 1778) would be known as Kilmarnock in Lancaster County. ( B. Brainard Edmonds, Kilmarnock .[Kilmarnock, Va.: Little Pebble Press, 1976] p. 6. )

[143.5] "Applied in the Southern States of N. America, in the West Indies, etc., to small silver coins forming fractions of the Spanish dollar, or (when these are obsolete) to their value in current money. . . . In the eighteenth century the bit was generally the old Mexican real = of a dollar or about 6d. sterling; later values assigned are a half pistareen or of a dollar, of a dollar, and (in some colonies) the value of 1d. sterling." ( Oxford English Dictionary Online )

[144] Carter probably means johnnycake, a bread made of corn meal, milk, and seasonings dropped by spoonfulls onto a hot, greased griddle.

[145] Robert Biscoe (1699-1748) was born in London and educated at Chrst's Hospital school. He became one one of Carter's clerks about 1716, writing letters and keeping accounts for the busines. He completed his indenture in 1724, prospered modestly as a merchant and farmer, married Elizabeth Lawson, and in 1743, wrote a book, The Mechant's Magazine; or Factor's Guide. (See the lengthy sketch of Biscoe in Brown and Sorrells. People in Profile. pp. 45-56. )

[146] No book with "Monk" as the author can be identified in Wright. "The Literary Interests of the First Carters."

[147] In his will, Carter refers to the old plantation "bought of Mr. Robert Jones" in Northumberland County. In Carter's 1733 inventory , Dennis Sullivant was the property's overseer of 8 slaves, 36 sheep, 75 hogs, 66 cattle, and "a Mare called Mopsy 10 yers old," etc. The property was bequeathed to Carter's son Landon. (Carter Papers: An Inventory. . . ." ; and Greene. The Diary of Colonel Landon Carter. . . . p. 4. )

[148] The section in small caps is not in Carter's hand.

[149] Philip Smith was sheriff of Northumberland County in 1723-1724. (McIlwaine. Executive Journals of the Council. . . . , 4[1721-1739]: 34,67. )