Robert King Carter's Correspondence and Diary

   A Collection Transcribed
        and Digitized
   by Edmund Berkeley, Jr.

List of Letters | About This Collection

Electronic Text Center , University of Virginia Library


Letter from Robert Carter to Edward Tucker, July 23, 1728

     Robert Carter writes to Weymouth merchant Edward Tucker, July 23, 1728, to cover a bill of lading (not present) and to reminding the merchant that he had written earlier to order ale and malt. He sends bills of exchange.

Letter from Robert Carter to Edward Tucker, July 23, 1728

-1 -

Rappahannock, [Lancaster County, Virginia]     
July the 23d: 1728

Mr. Edward Tucker

Sir --

     The above is a Copy This by Capt:: Wilson
brings you a bill of Lading for 30 hogsheads of Tobbo: on board him
10 hogsheads of them are of my own Crops [illegible] three of them was taken
in Patowmack . Seven in Fleets Bay the marks & numbers
are a little confused but you will find them out,

     I have already writ to you for 2 hogsheads of yor.
Dorchester Ale to come in bottles. 2 hogsheads of Malt and 1 hogshead
of Southam to be bottled of also if any thats right good be to be
had, I hope Capt: Wilson will be with you time Enough to be an
Early Ship here the next year,

     Capt: Willson undertakes to pay me Dorchester
Ale in kind for what he made use of I desire this to be Additi
ional to what I have writ to you for, herein send you two Small
bills of Exchange one of Capt: Willsons on your Self for £3"10"6 1/2
the other drawn by John Brown on John Noble & Company of
Taunton for £6 which I desire Credit for You always please
me best when you Send me forward Accots. of the Sales of my Tobbo.
I heartily wish your health and happiness and am

                  Yor. most humble Servt.

per Willson
Copy per Carter


Source copy consulted: Robert Carter letter book, 1727 May-1728 July, Robert Carter Papers (acc. no. 3807), Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia.

Robert Carter generally used a return address of "Rappahannock" for the river on which he lived rather than "Corotoman," the name of his home, on his correspondence, especially to merchants abroad. The county and colony have been added for clarity.

[1] A Captain Wilson is mentioned in Carter's letter to Edward Tucker of May 27, 1721, as having arrived after "15 weeks passage." and in his 1723 diary.

[2] A bill of lading is "an official detailed receipt given by the master of a merchant vessel to the person consigning the goods, by which he makes himself responsible for their safe delivery to the consignee. This document, being the legal proof of ownership of the goods, is often deposited with a creditor as security for money advanced." ( Oxford English Dictionary Online . Oxford University Press. )

[2] Fleet's Bay is at the east end of Northumberland County not far from Corotoman.

[4] Malt is "barley or other grain prepared for brewing, distilling, or vinegar-making, esp. by steeping, germinating, and kiln-drying." ( Oxford English Dictionary Online . Oxford University Press. )

[5] Southam is a type of English cyder. William Ellis. The Compleat Cyderman: Or, the Present Practice of Raising Plantations of the Best Cyder Apple and Perry Pear-trees, with the Improvement of Their Excellent Juices. ... By Experienc'd Hands , [R. Baldwin, 1754], pp. vi, 53, 78-79. Google books Google books . .)

[6] A bill of exchange is a kind of check or promissory note without interest. It is used primarily in international trade, and is a written order by one person to pay another a specific sum on a specific date sometime in the future. If the bill of exchange is drawn on a bank, it is called a bank draft. If it is drawn on another party, it is called a trade draft. Sometimes a bill of exchange will simply be called a draft, but whereas a draft is always negotiable (transferable by endorsement), this is not necessarily true of a bill of exchange. (See "Bill of Exchange" in the online Dictionary of Financial Scam Terms: the Truth vs. the Scam. )

This text, originally posted in 2004, was revised December 2, 2014, and again February 23, 2016,, to add footnotes and strengthen the modern language version text.